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19 Reasons Why This Is An Excellent Resume. Recruiters spend an average of six seconds reviewing a resume before they make the initial decision on gothic research candidates, according to research conducted by TheLadders, an online job-matching service for professionals. That means you have to win them over fast. To get a better idea of resume what makes a resume great, we reached out to Amanda Augustine, career expert at gothic architecture research papers TheLadders. She created an example of an excellent resume and allowed us to share it. While resumes should be tailored to the industry you're in, the nj one below offers a helpful guide for entry- and mid-level professionals with three to five years of gothic architecture research relevant work experience. Resume? What makes this resume so great? Augustine outlines the gothic research following reasons: 1. It includes a URL to the jobseeker's professional online profile. If you don't include URLs to your professional online profiles, hiring managers will look you up regardless. Augustine tells Business Insider that 86% of recruiters admit to reviewing candidates' online profiles, so why not include your URL along with your contact information? This will prevent recruiters from having to guess or mistaking you for someone else.

If you have a common name, consider including your middle initial on your resume and online professional profiles to differentiate yourself from the competition, says Augustine. For example, decide if you're Mike Johnson, Michael Johnson, or Mike E. Johnson. Then use this name consistently, be it on LinkedIn, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook. 3. It includes a single phone number and email address. Choose one phone number for your resume where you control the voicemail message and who picks up the phone, she advises. Resume Australia? The same rule applies to research papers an email address.

4. It does not include an copy chief resume objective statement. Architecture Papers? There's no point in including a generic objective about a professional looking for opportunities that will allow me to leverage my skills, says Augustine. Argumentative Outline Organizer? It's not helpful and distracting. Ditch it. 5. Papers? Instead, it includes an executive summary. Replace your fluffy statement with an words a research paper executive summary, which should be like a 30-second elevator pitch where you explain who you are and what you're looking for . In approximately three to five sentences, explain what you're great at, most interested in, and how you can provide value to a prospective employer, Augustine says. 6. It uses reverse chronological order.

This is the architecture papers most helpful for recruiters because they're able to see what you've been doing in recent years immediately, says Augustine. The only time you shouldn't do this is if you're trying to persuasive on stds transition to another career altogether, but then again, in this situation, you'll probably be relying more on networks, than your resume, she says. 7. It uses keywords like forecasting and strategic planning. Many companies use some kind of screening process to identify the right candidates. You should include the keywords mentioned in the job posting throughout your resume. Identify the common keywords, terminology, and key phrases that routinely pop up in the job descriptions of your target role and incorporate them into your resume (assuming you have those skills), advises Augustine. This will help you make it past the initial screenings and on architecture papers to the recruiter or hiring manager. 8. Anesthesist? It provides company descriptions.

It's helpful for recruiters to know the size of the gothic architecture research company you used to work for, advises Augustine. Being a director of a huge company means something very different than a director at a small company, she says. You can go to the company's About Us section and rewrite one or two lines of the description. This should be included right underneath the resume name of the company. While the company size is helpful information, including the company description will also let the hiring manager know what industries you've worked in. For example, being an research accountant in tech may be very different than being an accountant in essay outline the hospitality industry. As with most things on a resume, the company description should be tailored based on architecture research the professional's goals. If you're looking to switch industries, your focus may be on the company size - assuming it's similar to your goals - and less on words a research discussing the various products your company sells. 9. It does not list achievements in dense blocks of text. Gothic Architecture? Recruiters receive so many resumes to scan through at a time, so make it as easy as possible for phd thesis development them to understand why you're perfect for the job.

Dense blocks of text are too difficult to gothic architecture research papers read, says Augustine. 10. Instead, achievements are listed in two to five bullet points per job. To Conclude Paper? Under each job or experience you've had, explain how you contributed to or supported your team's projects and papers, initiatives. As you build up your experience, save the bullets for your bragging points, says Augustine. Words A Research? Quantify your major accomplishments and contributions for research papers each role, Augustine tells us. Nurse Moorestown? This can include the money you saved or brought in for your employer, deals closed, and projects delivered on time or under budget. Do not use any more than three to gothic architecture research papers five bullet points. 12.

Accomplishments are formatted as result-and-then-cause. A good rule is to use the result BY action sentence structure whenever possible. For example: Generated approximately $452,000 in annual savings by employing a new procedure which streamlined the business's vendor relationships. Essay? 13. White space draws the reader's eyes to important points. Recruiters do not spend a lot of time scanning resumes, so avoid dense blocks of text. Papers? The key is to argumentative outline format the information in a way that makes it easy to scan and recognize your job goals and relevant qualifications, Augustine tells us. 14. It doesn't use crazy fonts or colors.

Stick to black and white color, says Augustine. As for font, it's best to stick with the basics, such as Arial, Tahoma, or Calibri. Augustine says you should never write your resume in third person because everyone knows you're the gothic papers one writing it (unless you go through a professional resume writing service). Instead, you should write it in first person, and anesthesist nj, do not include pronouns. It's weird [to include pronouns], and it's an extra word you don't need, she says. You need to gothic research papers streamline your resume because you have limited real estate. Avoid adding any embedded tables, pictures, or other images in your resume, as this can confuse the applicant-tracking software and jumble your resume in the system, says Augustine. 17. It doesn't use headers or footers. It may look neat and concise to display your contact information in resume the header, but for t he same reason with embedded tables and charts, it often gets scrambled in an applicant tracking system, says Augustine. 18.

Education is listed at the bottom. Gothic? Unless you're a recent graduate, you should highlight your work experience and move your education information to the bottom of your resume, says Augustine. Persuasive Essays? Never include anything about your high-school years. 19. Gothic Research? It doesn't say references upon essay request. Every recruiter knows you're going to provide references if they request it so there's no reason for you to include this line.

Again, remember that space on your resume is crucial so don't waste it on a meaningless line, Augustine tells us.

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resume mekran com An Indian decorative design. Chapter 1 Account of India by the Greek Writer Strabo. Among the interesting early accounts of India is one by the Greek geographer Strabo, who wrote in the first century before the Christian era. Strabo was an extensive traveller, and although he had not visited India itself, he had journeyed sufficiently in distant lands to be able to judge of the general characteristics of countries described by others, even if he himself had not seen them. His account of Hindustan he draws chiefly from Greek records of Alexander’s campaigns and of the architecture research papers historians of Seleukos. He frequently cites Megasthenes and argumentative Onesikritos, who accompanied the Macedonian conqueror on his victorious march through the East, but he places more confidence in Aristoboulos, who was likewise with Alexander on. the expedition, and in Nearchos, the chief commander of gothic architecture Alexander’s fleet. Strabo’s account of India is resume, found in the first portion of the fifteenth book of his Geography, and I have reproduced it here with a few unimportant omissions. Gothic Research Papers? He opens his description as follows: The reader must receive this account of India with indulgence, for the country lies at a very great distance, and few persons of our nation have seen it; and those who have visited it have seen only some portions of argumentative organizer it; the greater part of what they relate is from hearsay, and even what they saw, they observed during their passage through the country with an army, and in great haste.

For this reason they do not agree in their accounts of the same things, although they write about them as if they had examined them with the gothic architecture research papers greatest care and attention. Some of argumentative outline organizer these writers were fellow soldiers and fellow travellers, for example, those who belonged to the army which, under the papers command of Alexander, conquered Asia; yet they frequently contradict each other. If, then, they differ so much respecting things which they had seen, what must we think of what they relate from hearsay? Nor do the writers who, many ages since Alexander’s time, have given an account of these countries, nor even those who at the present time make voyages thither, afford any precise information. Apollodoros, for instance, author of the australia “History of Parthia,” when he mentions the Greeks who occasioned the revolt of gothic papers Baktriane from the Syrian kings, who were the successors. Coin of international Alexander the Great. of Seleukos Nikator, says that when they became powerful they invaded India.

He adds no new information to what was previously known, and even asserts, in contradiction to others, that the Baktrians had subjected to their dominion a larger portion of India than had the Macedonians; for Eukratidas (one of these kings) had a thousand cities subject to his authority. But other writers affirm 7, that the Macedonians conquered the nine nations situated between the Hydaspes (Jihlam) and the Hypanis (Bias), and papers obtained possession of five hundred cities, not one of which was less than Kos in Meropis (an island in the Aegean Sea), and that Alexander, after having conquered all this country, delivered it up to anesthesist nj, Poros. Very few of the merchants who now sail from Egypt by the Nile and the Arabian Gulf to India have sailed around as far as the Ganges; and, being ignorant persons, are not qualified to give an account of gothic architecture papers places they have visited. From one place in India, and from one king, namely, Pandion, or, according to others, Poros, presents and embassies were sent to to conclude a research, Augustus Caesar. With the research papers ambassadors came the Indian sophist (or ascetic), who committed himself to the flames at Athens, like Kalanos, who exhibited the same spectacle in the presence of Alexander. If we set these stories aside and direct our attention to accounts of the country prior to the expedition. of Alexander, we shall find them even more obscure.

It is probable that Alexander, elated by his extraordinary good fortune, believed these accounts. According to Nearchos, he was ambitious of conducting his army through Gedrosia (Mekran) when he heard that Semiramis and Cyrus (Kyros) had undertaken expeditions against India (through this country), although both had abandoned the enterprise, the copy chief resume former escaping with twenty, and Cyrus with seven men only. Gothic Architecture? For that reason Alexander considered that it would be a glorious achievement for him to lead a conquering army safe through the same nations and countries where Semiramis and Cyrus had suffered such disasters; and he therefore gave credence to the stories. But how can we place any real confidence in the accounts of India derived from argumentative essay outline organizer such expeditions as those of Cyrus and Semiramis? Megasthenes is also of this opinion, for he advises persons not to credit the ancient histories of India, owing to the fact that, with the exception of the expeditions of Herakles (Hercules), of Dionysos (Bacchus), and the later invasion of Alexander, no army was ever sent out of their country by gothic architecture, the Indians, nor did any foreign enemy ever invade or conquer it. A Research Paper? Sesostris the Egyptian, he says, and Tearkon the Ethiopian, advanced as far as Europe; and Nabokodrosoros (Nebuchadnezzar) who was more celebrated among the Chaldmans than Herakles among the architecture research papers Greeks, penetrated even as far as the Pillars, which Tearkon also reached; Sesostris conducted an army from Iberia to Thrake and Pontos; Idanthyrsos the. Skythian overran Asia as far as Egypt; but not one of these persons proceeded as far as India, and Semiramis died before her intended enterprise was undertaken.

The Persians had sent for a body of mercenary troops, the Hydrakes1, from India, but they did not lead an phd thesis development, army into that country, and only approached it when Cyrus was marching against the Massagetai. Strabo then gives an account of the storming of the fortress of Nysa and gothic of Aornos, as described in the second volume of this series (pp. 35 - 45), and adds some remarks on the geographical boundaries of India, after which he turns to the subject of the rivers of Hindustan. The whole of India is moorestown nj, watered by gothic papers, rivers, some of which empty themselves into the two largest, the Indus and the Ganges; others discharge themselves into copy the sea by their own mouths. But all of them have their sources in the Caucasus.

At their commencement their course is papers, toward the south; some of them continue to words to conclude, flow in the same direction, particularly those which unite with the Indus; others turn to the east, as the Ganges. This, the largest of the Indian rivers, descends from the mountainous country, and when it reaches the plains, turns to papers, the east, then flowing past Palibothra2, a very large city, it proceeds onward to the sea in that quarter, and discharges its waters by a single mouth. The Indus falls into the Southern Sea, and empties itself by two mouths, encompassing the. The Ganges at Benares. country called Patalene, which resembles the Delta of Egypt.

By the exhalation of vapours from such vast rivers, and by the Etesian winds, as Eratosthenes affirms, India is watered by summer rains, and the plains are inundated. Nearchos, speaking of the accretion of earth formed by the rivers, adduces the following instances. The plains of Hermos, Kaystros, Maiandros, and Kaïkos have these names because they have been formed by the soil which has been carried over the plains by the rivers; or rather they were produced by the fine and soft soil brought down from the mountains; whence the plains are, as it were, the offspring of the rivers, and it is rightly said that the anesthesist plains belong to gothic papers, the. rivers. What is said by Herodotus of the Nile, and of the land about it, namely, that it is the words a research paper gift of the Nile (wherefore Nearchos says that the Nile was synonymous with Egypt), may be applied equally well to this country. Aristoboulos, however, says that rain and gothic research snow fall only on the mountains and the country immediately below them, and on stds that the plains experience neither one nor the other, but are overflowed only by the rise of the waters of the rivers; that the papers mountains are covered with snow in the winter; that the rains set in at the commencement of spring, and continue to increase; that at the time of the blowing of the Etesian winds they pour down impetuously, without intermission, night and day till the rising of Arktouros, and that the rivers, filled by the melting of the snow and by the rains, irrigate the plains. These things, he says, were observed by himself and by copy chief resume, others on their journey into India from the Paropamisadai.

This was after the setting of the Pleiades, and during their stay in the mountainous country in gothic architecture research, the territory of the Hypasioi, and in that of Assakanos during the winter. At the beginning of spring they descended into the plains to a large city called Taxila; thence they proceeded to the Hydaspes (Jihlam) and the country of Poros. During the winter they saw no rain, but only snow. Outline? The first rain which fell was at Taxila3. After their descent to the Hydaspes (Jihlam) and the conquest of gothic architecture research Poros, their progress was eastwards to the Hypanis (Bias), and thence back to the Hydaspes (Jihlam). At this time it rained continually, and particularly during the blowing of the Etesian winds, but at the rising of Arktouros the development rains ceased. Architecture Research Papers? They remained at the Hydaspes while the ships were being built, and began their voyage not many days before the setting of the Pleiades, and were occupied during the whole autumn, winter, and the ensuing spring and summer in sailing down the river, and they arrived at Patalene (in the delta of the Indus) about the rising of the Dog-star; during the passage down the river, which lasted ten months, they did not experience rain at any place, not even when the Etesian winds were at their height, when the essays rivers were full and the plains overflowed; the sea could not be navigated on account of the blowing of contrary winds, but no land breezes succeeded. Nearchos gives the same account, but does not agree with Aristoboulos respecting the rains in summer, but says that the gothic architecture research papers plains are watered by rain in the summer, and that they are without rain in australia, winter. Both writers, however, speak of the rise of the architecture research papers rivers. Nearchos says that the men encamped upon the Akesines (Chinab) were obliged to change their situation for another more elevated, and that this was at resume the time of the rise of the river, and gothic architecture papers of the summer solstice.

Aristoboulos even gives the measure of the height to development, which the river rises, namely, forty cubits, twenty of which would fill the channel up to the margin, above. The Sabarmati, a river of western India, on its way to the sea. its previous depth, and research the other twenty are the measure of the water when it overflows the plains. Words? . From what Aristoboulos relates, it is natural that the gothic architecture papers country should be subject to shocks of resume earthquakes, since the ground is loose and hollow by excess of moisture, and easily splits into fissures, so that even the course of gothic architecture research papers rivers is altered. He says that when he was despatched upon some business into the country, he saw a deserted tract of argumentative essay organizer land which contained more than a thousand cities with their dependent villages. The Indus, having left its proper channel, had become diverted into another and much deeper channel on the left hand, and precipitated itself into this like a cataract, so that the country on the right hand, from which it had receded, was no longer watered by the inundations, since it was elevated above the level, not only.

of the new channel of the river, but above that of the inundations. The account of Onesikritos confirms the facts of the rising of the rivers and of the absence of land breezes. He says that the seashore is swampy, particularly near the mouths of rivers, on account of the mud, tides, and the force of the winds blowing from the sea. Megasthenes also indicates the fertility of India by the circumstance of the soil producing fruits and grain twice a year. Eratosthenes relates the same facts, for architecture research, he speaks of a winter and persuasive essays a summer sowing, and of the rain at the same seasons. For, according to him, there is no year which is without rain at both those periods, whence ensues great abundance, the ground never failing to gothic architecture research, bear crops. An abundance of a research fruit is gothic, produced by trees; and the roots of argumentative plants, particularly of large reeds, possess a sweetness which they have by nature and by coction; for the water, both from rains and rivers, is warmed by the sun’s rays. The meaning of gothic research papers Eratosthenes seems to be this, that what among other nations is called the ripening of fruits and juices, is called among these coction , and it contributes as much to produce an agreeable flavour as the coction by australia, fire. To this is gothic research, attributed the flexibility of the branches of trees, from which wheels of carriages are made, and to the same cause is imputed the essays growth of wool ( i.e . Gothic? cotton) upon some trees.

Nearchos says that their fine clothes were made of this wool, and that the Macedonians used it for mattresses and the stuffing of saddles. The Serika (silks) The descending branches of a Banyan-tree. are also of a similar kind and are made of resume australia carded byssos (or fibre), which is obtained from some sort of bark of plants. Nearchos states that reeds yield honey, although there are no bees, and that there is a tree from the fruit of which honey is gothic architecture research papers, procured, but that the fruit eaten fresh causes intoxication. India produces many singular trees. Words To Conclude? There is one whose branches incline downwards, and gothic architecture research whose leaves are not less in size than a shield. Onesikritos, describing.

minutely the country of Mousikanos, which he says is the most southerly part of India, relates that there are some large trees [the banyan] the branches of which extend to the length even of twelve cubits. They then grow downwards, as though bent (by force), till they touch the earth, where they penetrate and copy take root like layers. They next shoot upwards and form a trunk. They again grow as we have described, bending downwards, and implanting one layer after another, and in the above order, so that one tree forms a long shady roof, like a tent supported by many pillars. Gothic Research Papers? In speaking of the words a research size of the trees, he says their trunks could scarcely be clasped by five men. Aristoboulos also, where he mentions the research Akesines (Chinab) and its confluence with the Hyarotis (Ravi), speaks of trees with their boughs bent downwards and of a size so great that fifty horsemen, or, according to Onesikritos, four hundred horsemen, might take shelter at mid-day beneath the argumentative essay outline shade of a single tree. Aristoboulos mentions another tree, not large, bearing great pods, like the architecture papers bean, ten fingers in length, full of honey, and says that those who eat this fruit do not easily escape alive. But the accounts of all these writers about the size of the trees have been outdone by moorestown nj, those who assert that there has been seen, beyond the architecture Hyarotis (Ravi), a tree which casts a shade at noon of five stadia (about 3000 feet). Aristoboulos says of the wool-bearing trees, that the flower pod contains a kernel, which is taken out, and the remainder is carded like wool.

In the chief resume country of Mousikanos there grows, he says, spontaneously grain resembling wheat, and a vine that produces wine, whereas other authors affirm that there is no wine in India. Hence, according to Anacharsis, they had no pipes or any musical instruments, except cymbals, drums, and rattles, which were used by jugglers. Both Aristoboulos and other writers relate that India produces many medicinal drugs and roots, both of a salutary and noxious quality, and papers dyes yielding a variety of colours. He adds that, by a law, any person discovering a deadly substance is punished with death unless he also discover the antidote; in resume australia, case he discovers the antidote, he is rewarded by the king. Southern India, like Arabia and Ethiopia, produces cinnamon, nard, and other aromatics. It resembles these countries as regards the effect of the sun’s rays, but it surpasses them in having a copious supply of water, whence the atmosphere is architecture papers, humid, and on this account more conducive to fertility and development fecundity; and this applies to the earth and to architecture research papers, the water, hence those animals which inhabit both one and the other are of a larger size than are found in other countries.’

At this point Strabo allows himself to digress for a couple of pages on the subject of resemblances between India and Egypt in regard to the water-supply of both countries, and then he returns to the more specific question of the rivers of India and the fertility caused by their overflow a topic of interest to any one who is concerned with India’s history. Falls of the Kivari, Swasamudram. It is admitted by those who maintain the resemblance of India to Egypt and Ethiopia, that the plains which are not overflowed do not produce anything for want of water. Nearchos says that the old question respecting the rise of the Nile is answered by the case of the words a research paper Indian rivers, namely, that it is the effect of summer rains. When Alexander saw crocodiles in the Hydaspes (Bias) and architecture research Egyptian beans in the Akesines (Chinab), he thought that he had discovered the sources of the Nile and was about to equip a fleet with the words to conclude a research paper intention of sailing by this river to Egypt; but he found out shortly afterwards that his design could not be accomplished. “for between were vast rivers, fearful waters, and, first of all, the ocean4,” into which all the gothic architecture research papers Indian rivers discharge themselves; then come Ariane, the Persian and Arabian Gulfs, all Arabia and resume australia Troglodytike. . We shall speak of the noteworthy rivers that flow into the Indus, and of the architecture countries which they traverse; with regard to the rest, our ignorance is greater than our knowledge. Alexander, who discovered the greatest portion of words paper this country, first of all decided that it was more expedient to pursue and destroy those who had treacherously killed Darius, and were meditating the revolt of Baktriane. He approached India therefore through Ariane, which he left on the right hand, and crossed the Paropamisos to the northern parts, and to Baktriane. Having conquered all the country subject to. the Persians, and many other places besides, he then entertained the desire of gothic architecture research possessing India, of which he had received many accounts, although indistinct. He therefore returned, crossing over anesthesist nj, the same mountains by other and shorter roads, keeping India on the left hand; he then immediately turned toward it, and toward its western boundaries and the rivers Kophes (the Kophen of Kabul) and Choaspes. Gothic Architecture Research? The latter river empties itself into the Kophes, near Plemyrion, after passing by outline organizer, another city, Gorys, in architecture papers, its course through Bandobene and Gandaritis.

He was informed that the mountainous and northern parts were the most habitable and fertile, but that the southern part was either without water, or was liable to be overflowed by the rivers at one time, and burnt up at another, more fit to be the haunts of wild beasts than the habitations of men. He resolved, therefore, first to essay outline, get possession of that part of India which had been well spoken of, considering at the same time that the rivers which it was necessary to pass, and which flowed transversely through the country which he intended to attack, would be crossed more easily near their sources. He also heard that several of the rivers united and formed one stream, and that this occurred more and more frequently the architecture papers farther they advanced, so that, in the absence of boats, the country would be more difficult to traverse. Being apprehensive of this obstruction, he crossed the Kophes (Kophen of Kabul), and conquered the whole of the mountainous country situated toward the east. Next to the Kophes was the persuasive essays on stds Indus, then the Hydaspes (Jihlam), the Akesines (Chinab), the Hyarotis (Ravi), and lastly, the Hypanis (Bias). He was prevented from proceeding farther, partly because of some oracles, and partly because compelled by his army, which was exhausted by toil and fatigue, but whose principal distress arose from their constant exposure to rain.

Hence we became acquainted with the eastern parts of India on this side of the Hypanis, and whatever parts besides which have been described by those who, after Alexander, advanced beyond the Hypanis to the Ganges and Palibothra (Pataliputra, Patna). After the gothic architecture papers river Kophes, follows the Indus. The country lying between these two rivers is occupied by Astakenoi, Masianoi, Nysaioi, and Hypasioi5. Next is the territory of Assakanos, where is the words to conclude a research paper city Masoga (Massaga?), the royal residence of the country. Gothic Research Papers? Near the Indus is another city, Peukolaitis. Nurse Moorestown? At this place a bridge, which was constructed, afforded a passage for the army. Between the Indus and the Hydaspes is Taxila, a large city, and governed by papers, good laws. The neighbouring country is crowded with inhabitants and words a research very fertile, and here unites with the plains. The people and their king Taxiles received Alexander with kindness, and obtained in return more presents than they had offered to Alexander; so that the Macedonians. Bridge of boats on the Indus. became jealous, and observed that it seemed as if Alexander had found none on whom he could confer favours before he passed the Indus.

Some writers say that this country is larger than Egypt. Above this country among the mountains is the territory of Abisaros (Abhisara), who, as the ambassadors that came from him reported, kept two serpents, one of eighty, and the other, according to Onesikritos, of one hundred and forty cubits in length. Gothic Architecture? This writer may as well be called the master fabulist as the master pilot of Alexander. For all those who accompanied Alexander preferred the marvellous to the true, but this writer seems to have surpassed all in his description of prodigies. Some things, however, he relates which are probable and worthy of record, and will not be passed over in words a research, silence even by one who does not. believe their correctness. Other writers also mention the hunting of serpents in the Emoda Mountains, and the keeping and gothic architecture feeding of them in caves. Between the Hydaspes (Jihiam) and Akesines (Chinab) is the country of phd thesis international Poros, an extensive and fertile district, containing nearly three hundred cities.

Here also is the forest in the neighbourhood of the Emoda Mountains in which Alexander cut down a large quantity of fir, pine, cedar, and a variety of other trees fit for ship-building, and brought the timber down the Hydaspes. With this he constructed a fleet on the Hydaspes, near the cities which he built on each side of the river where he had crossed it and conquered Poros. One of these cities he called Boukephalia, from the horse Boukephalos, which was killed in the battle with Poros. The name Boukephalos (ox-headed) was given to it from the breadth of its forehead. It was an excellent war-horse, and Alexander constantly rode it in battle6.

The other city he called Nikaia from the victory ( nike ) which he had obtained. In the forest before mentioned it is said there is a vast number of monkeys, and they are as large as they are numerous. On one occasion the Macedonians, seeing a body of them standing in array opposite to them on some bare eminences (for this animal is not less intelligent than the elephant) and presenting the gothic papers appearance of an army, prepared to on stds, attack them as real enemies, but being informed of the facts of the gothic papers case by Taxiles, who was then with the king, they desisted. At the monkey temple, Benares. The chase of this animal is conducted in two different manners. Nurse Moorestown? It is an imitative creature and takes refuge up among the trees. The hunters, when they perceive a monkey seated on a tree, place in sight a basin containing water, with which they wash their own eyes; then, instead of water, they put a basin of bird-lime, go away, and lie in wait at a distance. Architecture Research Papers? The animal leaps down and besmears itself with the bird-lime, and when it winks, the eyelids are fastened together; the hunters then come upon phd thesis development, it and take it. The other method of capturing them is as follows: the hunters dress themselves in research papers, bags like trousers, and go away, leaving behind them others which are hairy, with the inside smeared over with bird-lime. The monkeys put them on, and are easily taken.

Some writers place Kathaia and the country of Sopeithes (King Subhuti), one of the governors, in the tract between the rivers (Hydaspes and Akesines); at Madhura The Great Temple at persuasive on stds Madhura. some, on the other side of the gothic research Akesines and anesthesist nj of the liyarotis, on the confines of the gothic research territory of the other Poros, the nephew of the Poros who was taken prisoner by Alexander, and call the country subject to him Gandaris. A very singular usage is related of the phd thesis international high estimation in which the gothic architecture research inhabitants of Kathaia hold the quality of beauty, even in to conclude a research, the matter of beauty in horses and dogs. According to Onesikritos, they elect the handsomest person as king. [It is likewise their custom regarding children that] a child undergoes a public inspection and gothic research papers examination two months after birth. They determine whether it has the amount of beauty required by law, and whether it is worthy to be permitted to live. The presiding magistrate then pronounces whether it is to be allowed to live or whether it is to be put to death. They dye their heads with various and extremely striking colours, for the purpose of improving their appearance.

This custom prevails elsewhere among many of the Indians, who pay great attention to their hair and resume australia dress; and the country produces colours of great beauty. In other respects the people are frugal, but are fond of ornament. A peculiar custom is related of the Kathaioi. The bride and the husband are respectively the choice of each other, and the wives burn themselves with their deceased husbands. Architecture Papers? The reason assigned for this practice is that the women sometimes fell in australia, love with young men, and deserted or poisoned their husbands. This law was.

therefore established in order to gothic architecture research papers, check the practice of administering poison; but neither the existence nor the origin of the law are probable facts. It is said, that in the territory of Sopeithes there is a mountain composed of salt to be mined, sufficient for the whole of India. Valuable mines also, both of gold and silver, are situated, it is said, not far off among other mountains, according to the testimony of Gorgos, the miner of Alexander. Development? The Indians, unacquainted with mining and smelting, are ignorant of gothic architecture research their own wealth, and therefore traffic with great simplicity. The dogs in the territory of Sopeithes are said to possess remarkable courage; Alexander received from Sopeithes a present of argumentative outline one hundred and fifty of them.

To test them, two were set at a lion; when these were mastered, two others were set on; when the battle became equal, Sopeithes ordered a man to seize one of the dogs by the leg, and to papers, drag him away or, if he still held on, to cut off his leg. Alexander at first refused his consent to words paper, the dog’s leg being cut off, as he wished to save the dog. But as Sopeithes said, “I will give you four in gothic research papers, the place of it,” Alexander consented, and essays he saw the dog permit his leg to be cut slowly off, rather than loose his hold. The direction of the march, as far as the Hydaspes, was for the most part toward the south. After that, to the Hypanis, it was more toward the east. The whole of it, however, was much nearer to the country lying at the foot of the mountains than to the plains. Alexander therefore, when he returned from the Hypanis. A tent of the primitive lepchas in North-east India. to the Hydaspes and the station of his vessels, prepared his fleet, and set sail on gothic papers the Hydaspes. All the rivers which have been mentioned (the last of which is the Hypanis) unite in one stream, the Indus.

It is said that there are altogether fifteen rivers of considerable size which flow into the Indus. A Research Paper? Filled by these various streams, the river Indus becomes enlarged in some places to the extent of a hundred stadia, according to writers who exaggerate, or, according to a more moderate estimate, to gothic architecture, fifty stadia at the utmost, and at the least to seven; and they speak of many nations and cities about this river. It discharges itself by two mouths into the southern sea and forms the island called Patalene. Alexander’s intention was to relinquish the march toward the parts situated to the east, first, because he was prevented from crossing the Hypanis; next, because he learned by argumentative outline, experience the falsehood of the reports he had previously received to the effect that. the plains were burnt up with fire and more fit for the haunts of wild beasts than for the habitations of men. He therefore set out in this direction, relinquishing the other track, so that these parts became better known than the other. The territory lying between the Hypanis and the Hydaspes is said to contain nine nations and five thousand cities, not less in size than Kos in Meropis (in the Aegean Sea); but the research number seems to anesthesist moorestown, be exaggerated.

We have already mentioned nearly all the gothic architecture research papers nations deserving of notice which inhabit the country situated between the Indus and australia the Hydaspes. Below, and next in order, are the people called Sibai and the great nations, the architecture research papers Malloi7 and Sydrakai (Oxydrakai). It was among the Malloi that Alexander was in danger of losing his life, from nurse anesthesist nj a wound he received at the capture of a small city. The Sydrakai are fabled to be allied to Dionysos (Bacchus). Near Patalene is placed the country of Mousikanos, that of Sabos, whose capital is Sindomana, that of Portikanos, and of other princes who inhabited the country on papers the banks of the Indus. They were all conquered by Alexander; last of all he made himself master of Patalene, which is formed by the two branches of the Indus. Aristoboulos says that these two branches are one thousand stadia distant from each other.

Nearchos adds eight hundred stadia more to this number. Onesikritos reckons each side of the included island, The north Indian tribes conquered by Alexander. Reduced from a map by Vincent A. Smith. which is of a triangular shape, at two thousand stadia; and the breadth of the river, where it is separated into two mouths, at about two hundred stadia. He calls the island Delta, and says that it is as large as the Delta of Egypt; but this is a mistake. For the Egyptian Delta is anesthesist, said to architecture research papers, have a base of thirteen hundred stadia, and each of the sides is described as less than the base.

In Patalene is Patala, a considerable city, from which the island has its name. Onesikritos says that the greatest part of the coast in this quarter abounds with swamps, particularly at the mouths of the river, which is owing to the mud, the tides, and the absence of land breezes; for these. parts are chiefly under the influence of winds blowing from the sea. He expatiates also in praise of the country of Mousikanos and relates of the inhabitants what is common to other Indian tribes, that they are long-lived, and that life is protracted even to the age of 130 years (the Seres [Chinese], however, are said by some writers to be still longer lived), and that, although the persuasive essays country produces everything in abundance, they are temperate in gothic architecture research, their habits and healthy. The following are their peculiarities. They have a kind of Lacedaemonian common meal, where they eat in public. Their food consists of what is taken in the chase.

They make no use of gold or silver, although they have mines of these metals. Instead of slaves, they employ youths in the flower of their age, as the copy Kretans employ the Aphamiotai, and the Lacedaemonians the Helots. They study no science with attention except that of research medicine; for they consider the argumentative essay outline organizer excessive pursuit of gothic papers some arts, as that of war and the like, to be committing evil. There is no process at law except against murder and development outrage, for it is not in architecture research, a person’s own power to resume, escape either one or the other; but as contracts are in architecture research, the power of each individual, he must endure the wrong, if good faith is to conclude a research paper, violated by gothic papers, another; for a man should be cautious whom he trusts, and not disturb the city with constant lawsuits. Such are the accounts of the persons who accompanied Alexander in his expedition. A letter of Krateros to resume, his mother Aristopatra is. current, which contains many other singular circumstances and differs from every other writer, particularly in saying that Alexander advanced as far as the gothic research Ganges. Krateros says that he himself saw the river and the sea monsters which it produces; and his account of its magnitude, breadth, and depth far exceeds, rather than approximates, probability. It is generally agreed that the Ganges is the largest of known rivers in nj, the three continents; the next in size is the Indus; the third is the Istros (Danube); and the fourth, the Nile. Architecture Papers? But different authors differ in their account of the Ganges, some assigning thirty, others three, stadia as the least breadth. Megasthenes, however, says that its ordinary width is one hundred stadia, and its least depth twenty orguiai (about 120 feet).

At the confluence of the Ganges and of another river there is situated (the city of) Palibothra, in length eighty stadia, and in breadth fifteen stadia. It is in the shape of a parallelogram, surrounded by a wooden wall pierced with openings through which arrows may be discharged. In front is a ditch, which serves the purpose of defence and of a sewer for the city. The people in whose country the city is situated are the most distinguished of all the tribes, and are called Prasioi. The king, besides his family name, has the surname of Palibothros, as the king to whom Megasthenes was sent on an embassy had the name of Sandrokottos8. The Parthians have a similar custom, for. A Royal Bengal tiger. From an on stds, old print. all have the gothic name Arsakai, although each has his peculiar name of Orodes, Phraates, or some other appellation. The entire country on the other side of the Hypanis is said to be very fertile, but we have no accurate knowledge of it.

Both because of international ignorance and owing to its remote situation, everything relative to it is exaggerated or partakes of the wonderful. Gothic Research? As, for example, the stories of words to conclude paper myrmekes, or ants, which dig up gold; of gothic papers animals and men with peculiar shapes, and possessing extraordinary faculties; of the longevity of the Seres, whose lives exceed the age of two hundred years. They speak also of an aristocratic form of government, consisting of five hundred counsellors, each of whom furnishes the argumentative essay state with an elephant. According to Megasthenes, the largest tigers are found among the Prasioi, and are almost twice as large as lions, and gothic architecture of such strength that a tame one led by. four persons seized a mule by its hinder leg, overpowered it, and dragged it to him.

The monkeys are larger than the largest dogs; they are of a white colour, except the face, which is black. The contrary is observed in other places. Their tails are more than two cubits in length. They are very tame and are not of on stds a mischievous disposition. They neither attack people nor do they steal. Stones are found there of the gothic research colour of frankincense, and sweeter than figs or honey. In some places there are serpents of two cubits in on stds, length, with membranous wings like bats. They fly at night and let fall drops of urine or sweat, which causes the skin of persons who are not on their guard to putrefy. There are also winged scorpions of great size.

Ebony likewise grows there. There are also dogs of great courage, which do not let go their hold till water is poured into their nostrils; some of them have their sight distorted, and the eyes of gothic research others even fall out because of the tenaciousness of their bite. Both a lion and a bull were held fast by one of these dogs. To Conclude A Research? The bull was caught by the muzzle, and gothic papers died before the dog could be loosened. In the mountainous country is a river, the Silas, on the surface of to conclude a research paper which nothing will float. Demokritos, who had travelled over a large part of gothic architecture research Asia, disbelieves this, and phd thesis international development Aristotle does not credit it, although atmospheres exist so rare that no bird can sustain its flight in gothic architecture research papers, them.

Some ascending vapours also attract and absorb, as it were, whatever is flying over them, as. amber attracts chaff, and the magnet iron. Perhaps there may be a similar power in water. Words Paper? As these are matters belonging to physics and to the question of floating bodies, they are referred to them; but at present we must turn to what follows and to the subjects more nearly relating to geography. It is said that the Indians are divided into seven castes. The first in rank, but the smallest in number, are the research philosophers. Persons who offer sacrifice, or make oblations to the dead, have the services of these persons on their private account; but the kings employ them in a public capacity at the time of the Great Assembly, as it is called, when, at the beginning of the new year, all the philosophers repair to the king at australia the gate.

At that time any useful designs which they have made relating to a prosperous season for crops and animals, and any observations they have made regarding the government of the state are publicly declared. If any one is caught giving false information three times, he is enjoined by law to maintain silence during the gothic rest of his life; but any one who has made correct observations is exempted from all contributions and tribute. The second caste is that of husbandmen, who constitute the majority of natives and are a most mild and gentle people, as they are exempted from persuasive military service and gothic architecture papers cultivate their land free from alarm. They neither resort to cities to transact private business nor take part in public turmoils. It therefore frequently happens that at the same time, and in the same part. of the country, one body of men are in battle array and engaged in contests with the anesthesist nj enemy, while others are ploughing or digging in security, having these soldiers to gothic architecture research, protect them. Words To Conclude Paper? The whole of the territory belongs to the king; and the people rent the land which they cultivate, besides paying over a fourth part of the produce. The third caste consists of shepherds and hunters, who alone are permitted to hunt, to breed cattle, and to sell or let out for hire beasts of burden. In return for freeing the country from wild beasts and birds, which infest sown fields, they receive an gothic architecture research papers, allowance of corn from the king. They lead a wandering life and dwell in development, tents.

No private person is gothic architecture, allowed to australia, keep a horse or an elephant. The possession of either one or the other is a royal privilege, and gothic research papers persons are appointed to take care of a research them. The manner of hunting the elephant is gothic research, as follows: a deep ditch is to conclude paper, dug around a bare spot, about four or five stadia in research, extent, and at the place of entrance a very narrow bridge is constructed. Into the enclosure three or four of the tamest female elephants are driven. The men themselves lie in resume, wait under cover of concealed huts. The wild elephants do not approach the stockade by day, but at night they enter the enclosure one by one; when they have passed the entrance, the men secretly close it. They then introduce the strongest of the tame combatants, the drivers of which engage with the wild animals and also wear them out by starving them; when the latter become exhausted by fatigue, Noosing wild elephants. From Moore’s The Queen’s Empire, The Lippincott Co., Philadelphia. the boldest of the architecture research drivers gets down unobserved and creeps under the belly of his own elephant.

From this position he creeps beneath the nurse nj belly of the wild elephant and ties his legs together; when this is done, a signal is given to the tame elephants to beat those which are tied by the legs, till they fall to the ground. After they have fallen down, they fasten the wild and tame elephants together by the neck with thongs of raw hide, and, in order that they may not be able to architecture research papers, shake off those who are attempting to argumentative essay organizer, mount them, the research papers men make cuts in international development, the neck and put thongs of leather into architecture papers these incisions, so that they submit to their bonds through pain, and chief resume therefore remain quiet. Among the elephants which are taken, those are. rejected which are too old or too young for architecture research papers, service; the remainder are led away to outline organizer, the stables. They tie their feet one to another and their necks to a post firmly fastened in the ground, and then tame them by hunger. They afterwards recruit their strength with green cane and grass. Then they teach the elephants to obey; some of them they train by words; others they pacify by tunes, accompanied with the beating of a drum. Gothic Papers? Few of the anesthesist nj elephants are difficult to tame, for they are naturally of a mild and architecture research gentle disposition, so as to approximate to the character of copy a rational animal Some have taken up their drivers, who have fallen fainting on gothic research the ground, and carried them safe out of battle. Others have fought and protected their drivers, who have crept between their fore-legs. Essay? If they have killed any of their feeders or masters in anger, they feel their loss so much that they refuse their food. through grief, and gothic sometimes starve themselves to death. Elephants copulate like horses, and they produce their young chiefly in the spring.

That is the season for the male; he is then in heat and is ferocious. At this period he discharges some fatty matter through an international, opening in the temples. It is the season also for gothic papers, the females, when this same passage is open. Eighteen months is the longest, and sixteen the shortest period. of gestation. Resume Australia? The dam suckles her young for six years. Many elephants live as long as men who attain to the greatest longevity, some even to the protracted age of research two hundred years. . Onesikritos says that they. Elephants at work hauling lumber. live three hundred years, and under rare circumstances five hundred, and that they go with young ten years. He and other writers say that they are larger and stronger than the African elephants. They will pull down with their trunks battlements, and uproot trees, standing erect upon their hind feet.

According to Nearchos, traps are laid in the hunting grounds, at certain places where roads meet; the words to conclude a research paper wild elephants are forced into gothic papers the toils by the tame elephants, which are stronger and are guided by a driver. They become so tame and docile that they learn even to throw a stone at a mark, to use military weapons, and to be excellent swimmers. A chariot drawn by elephants is esteemed a most important possession, and they are driven without bridles. A woman who receives from her lover an elephant as a present is greatly honoured, but this does not accord with what has been. said before, that a horse and essay outline organizer an elephant are the property of kings alone. This writer says that he saw skins of the myrmekes, or ants, which dig up gold, and that they are like the skins of leopards.

Megasthenes, however, speaking of the gothic architecture research myrmekes, says that among the Derdai (Dards), a populous nation of the Indians, living toward the east and among the mountains, there was a mountain plain of about three thousand stadia in circumference; that under this plain there were mines containing gold, which the myrmekes, in size not less than foxes, dig up. These animals are excessively fleet, and subsist on resume what they catch. In winter they dig holes and gothic architecture pile up the copy chief earth in heaps, like moles, at the mouths of the papers openings. The gold-dust which these creatures obtain requires little refining. The people of the neighbourhood go after it stealthily with beasts of words burden, for if this is done openly, the myrmekes fight furiously, pursuing those that run away, and if they catch them, kill them as well as the beasts. In order to prevent discovery, therefore, they put pieces of the flesh of wild beasts in different places, and when the myrmekes are dispersed in various directions, the gothic papers men take away the gold-dust and dispose of it in its rude state at any price to merchants, for they are not acquainted with the words to conclude a research mode of smelting it. Having mentioned what Megasthenes and other writers relate of the hunters and the beasts of papers prey, we shall add the following particulars.

Nearchos is surprised at the multitude as well as. the noxious nature of the reptiles. At the period of the inundations they retreat from the plains to the settlements, which are not covered with water, and swarm in the houses. For this reason the inhabitants raise their beds to some height from the ground, and are sometimes compelled to abandon their dwellings, when they are infested by great multitudes of these creatures; and, if a large proportion of these multitudes were not destroyed by the waters, the country would be uninhabitable. Both the minuteness of chief resume some animals and the excessive magnitude of others are causes of danger; the former, because it is difficult to architecture research papers, guard against their attacks; the latter, on account of their strength, for snakes are to be seen of sixteen cubits in resume, length.

Charmers go about the country and are supposed to cure serpent bites. This seems to comprise almost their whole art of medicine, for disease is not common among them, owing to their frugal manner of life and to the absence of wine; whenever diseases do occur, they are treated by the Sophistai, or wise men. Aristoboulos says that he saw no animals of these pretended magnitudes, except a snake which was nine cubits and gothic papers a span in length, and I myself saw in Egypt one that was nearly of the same size and had been brought from India. Aristoboulos also says that he saw many adders of a much smaller size, and asps and phd thesis international large scorpions. None of these, however, are so noxious as the slender small serpents, a span long, which are found concealed in tents, in jars, and in gothic research papers, hedges. A snake-charmer at Benares. Persons wounded by them bleed from every pore, suffer great pain, and die, unless they have immediate assistance; but this assistance is easily obtained by means of the virtues of the Indian roots and drugs.

Few crocodiles are found in the Indus, Aristoboulos says, and these are harmless, but most of the other animals, except the hippopotamus, are the same as those found in the Nile; though Onesikritos says that this animal also is copy chief, found there. On account of the crocodiles, according to papers, Aristoboulos, none of the sea fish, except the shad, the grey mullet, and dolphin, ascend the development Nile from the sea; but great numbers ascend the river Indus. Small crawfish go up as far as the mountains, and the larger as far as the confluence of the Indus and the Akesines. So much then on the subject of the wild animals of India. We shall return to Megasthenes and resume our account of the architecture research papers castes at the point where we digressed. After the hunters and the shepherds, follows the fourth caste, which consists, he says, of those who work at trades, retail wares, and anesthesist nj who are employed in bodily labour. Some of these pay taxes and perform certain stated services. But the armour-makers and architecture papers shipbuilders receive wages and provisions from the king, for whom only they work.

The general-in-chief furnishes the soldiers with arms, and the admiral lets out ships for hire to organizer, those who undertake voyages and traffic as merchants. The fifth caste consists of fighting men, who pass the time not employed in the field in architecture research papers, idleness and drinking, and are maintained at the charge of the king. They are ready whenever they are wanted to march on an expedition, for phd thesis international, they bring nothing of their own with them, except their bodies. The sixth caste is that of the architecture research Ephoroi, or inspectors. They are intrusted with the nurse anesthesist moorestown superintendence of research papers all that is going on, and it is their duty to make private reports to the king.

The city inspectors employ the courtesans of the town as their coadjutors; and the inspectors of the camp enlist the services of the women who follow it. The best and most faithful persons are appointed to the office of resume inspector. The seventh caste consists of counsellors and assessors of the king. To these persons belong the gothic offices of state, tribunals of justice, and nurse the whole administration of affairs. It is not permitted to contract marriage with a person of another caste, or to change from one profession. or trade to another, or for the same person to undertake several, unless he is of the caste of gothic architecture research philosophers, when permission is given on account of his superior qualifications. Of the magistrates, some have charge of the market, others of the city, others of the soldiery. The first supervise the rivers, measure the land, as in Egypt, and inspect the closed reservoirs, from which water is distributed by canals, so that all may have an equal use of it. These persons have charge also of the hunters, and have the power of phd thesis development rewarding or punishing those who merit either. Gothic? They collect the taxes and superintend the occupations connected with land, as woodcutters, carpenters, workers in brass, and miners. They construct the public roads, and place a pillar at resume every ten stadia (2022½ English yards) to indicate the by ways and distances.

Those who have charge of the city are divided into six bodies of five each. The first has the inspection of everything relating to the mechanical arts; members of the second body entertain strangers, assign lodgings to them, observe their mode of life by means of attendants whom they attach to them, and escort them out of the country on their departure. If the strangers die, they take charge of forwarding their property (to their relatives), as well as having had the care of them when sick and burying them when they die. The third class consists of those who inquire at what time and in what manner births and deaths take place, which is done with a view to taxation, and in order that. the deaths and births of persons both of good and architecture research papers bad character may not be concealed.

The fourth division consists of international those who have to do with sales and exchanges. Architecture Research Papers? They have charge of measures and of the sale of products in season, duly regulated by stamp. The same person is not allowed to words a research paper, deal in various kinds of articles, unless he pays a double tax. The fifth division presides over architecture, works of artisans, and disposes of articles, as regulated by stamp. New articles are sold separately from the old, and there is a fine imposed for mixing them together. The sixth and last division comprises those who collect. the tenth of the resume price of the articles sold. Death is the punishment for committing a fraud with regard to the tax. These are the research papers peculiar duties performed by each class, but in their collective capacity they have charge both of private and of public affairs, and of the repairs of public works, walls, markets, harbours, and temples. Next to the magistrates of the city there is a third body of governors, to whom is entrusted the care of military affairs.

This class also consists of six divisions, each composed of five persons. One division is associated with the chief naval superintendent, another with the person who has the charge of the bullock-teams, by which military engines are transported, of copy chief resume provisions both for the men and beasts, and papers of other requisites for the army. They furnish attendants, who beat drums and carry gongs; and they also provide grooms, mechanics, and their assistants. They despatch the foragers for grass by chief, the sound of the gong, and insure speed and security by means of rewards and punishments. The third division has the care of the infantry; the fourth, of the cavalry; the fifth, of the papers chariots; the sixth, of the elephants. There are royal stables for essays on stds, the horses and research papers elephants. There is also a royal magazine of arms; for the soldier returns his arms to the armoury, and the horse and elephant to their stables. They use the elephants without bridles. The chariots are drawn on the march by oxen. The horses are led by a halter, in order that their legs may not be chafed and inflamed, nor their spirit broken, by drawing.

Preparing rice for food. chariots. Besides the charioteer, there are two persons who fight by his side in the chariot. With the elephant are four persons, the driver and three bowmen, who discharge arrows from his back. All the Indians are frugal in their mode of life, and especially in copy chief resume, camp. They do not like an unnecessary rabble and they are, therefore, well disciplined. Architecture? Theft is very rare among them. Megasthenes, who was in the camp of Sandrokottos, which consisted of four. hundred thousand men, did not on any day see a report of thefts exceeding the sum of two hundred drachmai, and nurse moorestown nj this among a people who have no written laws, who are ignorant even of writing, and regulate everything by memory. Gothic Research Papers? They are, however, happy on account of their simple manners and frugal way of life.

They never drink wine, except at sacrifices. Their beverage is made from rice instead of barley, and their food consists for the most part of phd thesis rice pottage. The simplicity of gothic papers their laws and contracts appears from their not having many lawsuits. They have no suits respecting pledges and deposits, nor do they require witnesses or seals, but make their deposits and trust one another. Their houses and property, moreover, are unguarded. These things denote temperance and sobriety; but there are others, of which no one would approve, such as their always eating alone, and their not having one common hour for their meals, but each taking it as he likes. The contrary custom is more agreeable to the habits of social and civil life. As an exercise of the copy resume body they prefer friction (or massage) in various ways, but particularly by making use of smooth sticks of ebony, which they pass over the surface of the research papers body9. Their burials are simple, and the tumuli of earth low.

In contrast to their parsimony in other things they indulge in ornament. They wear ornaments made of gold and nurse anesthesist precious stones, and flowered robes, and. are attended by gothic papers, persons following them with umbrellas; for as they highly esteem beauty, attention is given to everything which can improve their looks. They respect alike truth and moorestown virtue; therefore they do not assign any privilege to the old, unless they possess superior wisdom. They marry many wives, who are purchased from gothic architecture papers their parents, and international give in exchange for them a yoke of architecture research oxen. Some marry wives to possess obedient attendants, others with a view to pleasure and numerous offspring, and the wives may prostitute themselves, unless chastity is enforced by international development, compulsion. No one wears a garland when sacrificing, or burning incense, or pouring out gothic architecture research, a libation.

They do not stab, but strangle the victim, so that nothing mutilated, but only that which is entire, may be offered to the Deity. A person convicted of bearing false witness suffers a mutilation of his extremities. He who has maimed another not only undergoes in return the loss of the same limb, but his hand also is cut off. If he has caused a workman to lose his hand or his eye, he is put to death. Megasthenes says that none of the Indians employ slaves, but, according to Onesikritos, this is peculiar to copy resume, the people in the territory of Mousikanos. He speaks of this as an excellent rule and mentions many others to be found in that country, as the effects of architecture research a government by australia, good laws. The care of the gothic architecture research papers king’s person is committed to women, who are also purchased from their parents. The body-guard, and the rest of the military, are stationed. outside the gates. Argumentative Organizer? A woman, who puts to death a king when drunk, is rewarded by becoming the wife of his successor. The sons succeed the father.

The king may not sleep during the gothic architecture day-time, and at night he is obliged from time to time to change his bed, from fear of resume treachery. Beside leaving his palace in time of war, the king leaves it also when he goes to sit in his court as a judge. He remains there all day thus occupied, not suffering himself to be interrupted even though the time arrives for attending to his person. This attention to his person consists of architecture research rubbing (or massage) with pieces of wood, and he continues to listen to international, the case under consideration, while the friction is performed by four massageurs who stand around him. Another occasion of the architecture research papers king’s leaving his palace is to offer sacrifice. The third is a sort of Bacchanalian start on the chase. Phd Thesis International Development? Crowds of women surround him, and architecture papers spearmen are stationed outside of moorestown these. The road is set off with ropes; a man, or even a woman, who passes within the ropes is put to death. Gothic Architecture Papers? The king is preceded by drums and words a research paper gongs. He hunts in the enclosures and discharges his arrows from a high seat.

Near him stand two or three armed women. When hunting in the open, he shoots his arrows from an elephant. Of the women some are in chariots, some on horses, and others on architecture papers elephants; they are provided with all kinds of weapons, as if they were going on a military expedition.’ Strabo next devotes a page or more to to conclude, some fabulous accounts of Eastern peoples, several of them being. The Dilwara temple at Mount Abu. tribes in India, as told by Megasthenes and architecture research others. Australia? He then proceeds on the authority of Megasthenes to architecture, describe the Hindu philosophers and their remarkable powers of asceticism. Speaking of the philosophers, Megasthenes says that those who inhabit the mountains are worshippers of Dionysos (Bacchus), and show as a proof (of the god having come among them) the wild vine, which grows only in chief, their country, the ivy, the laurel, the myrtle, the box-tree, and other evergreens, none of papers which are found beyond the Euphrates, except a few in words to conclude a research, parks, which are preserved only with great care.

Other Bacchanalian customs are the wearing of robes and turbans, the use of perfumes, dressing in dyed and flowered garments, and for their kings to be preceded by architecture research papers, gongs. and drums when they leave their palaces and appear abroad. International? But the philosophers who live in the plains worship Herakles (Hercules). These are fabulous stories and are contradicted by many writers, particularly what is said about the vine and wine, because a great part of Armenia and the whole of Mesopotamia and Media, as far as Persia and gothic architecture Karmania, are beyond the Euphrates, and yet the greater part of these countries is said to abound in vines and to produce wine. Megasthenes again divides the philosophers into two kinds, the Brachmanes (Brahmans) and essays the Garmanes (Sarmanes). The Brachmanes are held in greater repute, for they agree with each other more closely in their views.

Even from the time of architecture research their conception in the womb they are under the phd thesis development care and guardianship of learned men, who go to the mother and seem to perform some incantation for the happiness and welfare of the mother and the unborn child, but in reality they suggest prudent advice, and gothic the mothers who listen to them most willingly are thought to be the most fortunate in their offspring. After the nurse nj birth of the children, there is a succession of persons who have the care of them, and as they advance in years, masters more able and accomplished succeed to the charge. The philosophers live in research papers, a grove in copy resume, front of the city within a moderate-sized enclosure. Their diet is frugal, and gothic architecture they lie upon straw pallets and on persuasive on stds skins. They abstain from eating animal food and from sexual intercourse; their time is occupied in listening to grave discourse. and in papers, imparting it to anesthesist moorestown, those who wish to architecture, listen to them; but the hearer is not permitted to speak or cough, or even to anesthesist nj, spit on the ground; otherwise, he is expelled that very day from architecture papers their society, because of his lack of self-control. After living thirty-seven years in this manner, each individual retires to his own possessions and international lives with less circumspection and restraint, wearing robes of fine linen and gothic papers rings of gold upon the hands and in phd thesis international development, the ears, but without profuseness. They eat the flesh of gothic architecture papers animals that do not assist man in his labour, and they abstain from sharp and resume australia seasoned food.

They have as many wives as they please with a view to numerous offspring, for from many wives greater advantages are derived. As they have no slaves, they require more the immediate services of their children. The Brachmanes do not communicate their philosophy to their wives, for fear they should divulge to the profane, if they became depraved, anything which ought to be concealed; or lest they should abandon their husbands in case they became good (philosophers) themselves. For no one who despises alike pleasure and pain, life and death, is willing to be subject to the authority of another; and such is the character of gothic architecture a virtuous man and a virtuous woman. They discourse much on persuasive on stds death, for gothic research papers, it is their opinion that the persuasive essays present life is the state of one just conceived, and that to philosophers death is birth to the true and happy life. They therefore discipline themselves much to prepare for gothic architecture papers, death, and maintain that nothing. which happens to man is bad or good, for otherwise the same things would not be the occasion of sorrow to some and of joy to others, opinions being merely dreams, nor that the same persons could be affected with sorrow and joy by the same things on different occasions.

With regard to phd thesis international development, opinions on physical phenomena, they display, says Megasthenes, great simplicity, their actions being better than their reasoning, for their belief is founded chiefly on fables. On many subjects their views are the same as those of the Greeks. According to the Brachmanes, the world was created and is liable to corruption; it is of a spheroidal figure; the god who made and governs it pervades the whole of it; the gothic principles of all things are different, but the principle of the world’s formation was water; in addition to the four elements there is a fifth nature, of which the heavens and the stars are composed; the earth is situated in the centre of the universe. Many other similar things they say of the principle of generation and of the soul. They weave in fables also, after the manner of Plato, on the immortality of the soul, and on the punishments in Hades, and other things of essays on stds this kind. Such is the account which Megasthenes gives of the Brach-manes. Of the gothic research Garmanes (Sarmanes), the most honourable, he says, are the Hylobioi, who live in the forests and subsist on leaves and nurse anesthesist moorestown nj wild fruits; they are clothed with garments made of the bark of trees, and they abstain from intercourse with women and from wine. The kings hold communication with them by messengers,

A hindu ascetic in a trance. concerning the causes of things, and through them worship and supplicate the Divinity. Second in honour to the Hylobioi are the physicians, for they apply philosophy to the study of the nature of gothic research man. They are of frugal habits, but do not live in the fields, and they subsist upon anesthesist moorestown, rice and gothic research meal, which every one gives when asked; and every one receives them hospitably. By means of charms they are able to cause persons to have numerous offspring and to have either male or female children. Phd Thesis Development? They cure diseases by diet, rather than by medicinal remedies. Architecture Papers? Among the latter, the most in repute are unguents and cataplasms. All others, they suppose, are, to a large extent, improper to argumentative essay, use. Both this and the other class of persons practise self-denial, as well in supporting active toil as in enduring suffering, so that they will continue a whole day in the same posture without moving.

There are enchanters and diviners, versed in architecture research papers, the rites and customs relating to the dead, and they go about villages and towns begging. There are others, more civilized and better informed, who inculcate the. An Indian scene. vulgar opinions concerning Hades, which tend to piety and sanctity according to their ideas. Women study philosophy with some of them, but abstain from sexual intercourse. Aristoboulos says that he saw at Taxila two sophists, or wise men, both Brachmanes; the elder had his head shaved, but the younger wore his hair; both were attended by words a research paper, disciples. When not otherwise engaged, they spent their time in papers, the market-place. They were honoured as public counsellors, and had the phd thesis development liberty of taking, without payment, whatever article they liked that was exposed for sale. Gothic Research Papers? When any one accosted them, he poured over them oil of sesame, in such profusion that it ran down over their eyes. Of honey and sesame, which was exposed for sale in large quantity, they took enough to make cakes, and were fed without expense.

They came up to words paper, Alexander’s table and took their meal standing by, and architecture research they gave an example of their fortitude by retiring to a neighbouring spot, where the elder, falling flat on the ground, endured the sun and the rain, which had now set in, as it was the anesthesist moorestown nj beginning of spring. The other stood on research papers one leg, with a piece of wood three cubits in chief resume, length raised in both hands; when one leg was tired he changed the support to the other, and continued thus the whole day. The younger appeared to possess much more self-command; for, after following the king a short distance, he soon returned to his home. Alexander sent after him, but he bade the king to come to him, if he wanted anything of gothic research papers him. The other accompanied the king to resume australia, the last. After being with him he changed his dress and altered his mode of life, and when reproached for his conduct, answered that he had completed the forty years of discipline which he had promised to observe. Alexander made presents to his children. Aristoboulos relates also some strange and unusual customs of the people of Taxila. Those who through poverty are unable to marry their daughters, expose them for sale in the market-place, in the flower of their age, to gothic papers, the sound of shell trumpets and drums, with which the international development war-note is given. A crowd is thus assembled.

First her back is uncovered as far as the shoulders, then the parts in front, for the examination of any man who comes for this purpose. If she pleases. him, he marries her on such conditions as may be determined upon. The dead are thrown out to be devoured by vultures. To have many wives is gothic architecture research, a custom common to resume, these and to other nations. Aristoboulos says he heard from some persons that wives burned themselves voluntarily with their deceased husbands, and that those women who refused to submit to this custom were disgraced. The same things have been told by other writers10. Onesikritos says that he himself was sent to converse with these wise men, because Alexander heard that they went about naked, practised mortification of the body, and were held in the highest honour; that, when invited, they did not go to other persons, but commanded others to come to them if they wished to participate in their exercises or their conversation.

Such being their character, Alexander did not consider it to be consistent with propriety to go to them, or to compel them to do anything contrary to their inclination or against gothic research, the custom of their country; he therefore despatched Onesikritos to international, them. Onesikritos found, at research the distance of twenty stadia from the city, fifteen men standing in different postures, sitting or lying down naked, who continued in these positions until the evening, and then returned to the city. The most difficult thing to endure was the heat of the sun, which was so powerful that no one else could endure without pain to walk on the ground at mid-day with bare feet. A statuette of a Hindu ascetic. He conversed with Kalanos (Calanus), one of these sophists, who accompanied the king to Persia and died after the custom of his country, being placed on a pile of to conclude a research burning wood. When Onesikritos came, he was lying upon gothic architecture research, stones. Onesikritos approached, addressed him, and told him that he had been sent by copy chief, the king for the purpose of listening to his wisdom, and that he was to give an account of his interview, and, if there were no objection, he was ready to gothic architecture research, listen to his discourse. When Kalanos saw his mantle, head-covering, and shoes, he laughed, and said: “Formerly there was abundance everywhere of corn and barley, as there is a research paper, now of dust; fountains then flowed with water, milk, honey, wine, and oil, but mankind by repletion and. Monolithic Carvings of the Temple at Mahabalipuram, Madras Presidency.

luxury became proud and insolent. Zeus, indignant at this state of gothic research papers things, destroyed all and resume appointed a life of toil for man. On the re-appearance of temperance and other virtues, there was again an abundance of good things; but at present the condition of mankind approaches satiety and architecture research insolence, and there is danger lest the things which now exist should disappear.” When he had finished, he proposed to Onesikritos, if he wished to hear his discourse, to strip off his clothes, to lie down naked by him on the same stones, and in that manner to listen to him. While the latter was hesitating what to do, Mandanis11, who was the oldest and wisest of the sophists, reproached Kalanos for his insolence, although he censured such insolence himself. Mandanis then called Onesikritos to argumentative essay organizer, him and said: “I commend the king, because, although he governs so large an empire, he is nevertheless desirous of acquiring wisdom, for he is the only person I ever saw philosophizing in arms. It would be of the greatest advantage, if those who have the architecture research power of australia persuading the gothic papers willing and of compelling the unwilling to learn temperance, were philosophers. But I am entitled to indulgence if I am not able to phd thesis, demonstrate the utility of philosophy, when I have to converse through the medium of three interpreters who know nothing more than the common people, except the language. To attempt it is to expect water to flow pure through mud.” The tendency of research papers his discourse, Onesikritos said, was this, that the best philosophy was that which liberated.

the mind from pleasure and grief; that grief differed from labour in that the former was inimical, the latter friendly to men, inasmuch as men laboriously exercised their bodies in order to copy chief, strengthen the architecture papers mental powers, by which means they might be able to put an end to persuasive on stds, dissensions and give good counsel to all, both to the community and to individuals; that at present he certainly would advise Taxiles to receive Alexander as a friend; for if he entertained a person better than himself, he might be improved, but if a worse person, he might dispose the latter to good. After this Mandanis inquired whether such doctrines were taught among the Greeks. Onesikritos answered that Pythagoras taught a similar doctrine, and enjoined his disciples to abstain from whatever has life; that Sokrates and Diogenes, whose discourses he had heard, held the same opinions. Gothic Research Papers? Mandanis replied that in other respects he thought them wise, but that in one thing they were mistaken, namely, in preferring custom to nature, for otherwise they would not be ashamed of going naked, like himself, and of subsisting on frugal fare; for the best house was that which required least repairs. Onesikritos says also that the outline philosophers occupy themselves much with physical science, as prognostics, rain, drought, and diseases. When they repair to the city, they disperse themselves in the market-places; if they meet any one carrying figs or bunches of grapes, they take what is offered gratuitously; if it is oil, it is poured over them, and they are anointed with it. Every wealthy house, even to the women’s apartment, is open to them; when they enter it, they engage in conversation and partake of the gothic repast. Disease of the body they regard as most disgraceful, and he who catches it, prepares a pyre and destroys himself by fire. He first anoints himself, then, sitting down upon the pyre, he orders it to be lighted, remaining motionless while he is burning. Nearchos gives the following account of the sophists. The Brachmanes engage in australia, public affairs, and attend the kings as counsellors; the rest are occupied in the study of nature.

Kalanos belonged to the latter class. Women study philosophy with them, and all lead an austere life. Of the customs of the other Indians he says that their laws, whether relating to the community or to individuals, are not committed to writing, and architecture research papers differ altogether from those of chief resume other people. It is the practice among some tribes, for example, to set up virgins as prizes to the victors in a trial of skill in boxing; wherefore they marry without portions. Among other tribes the ground is cultivated by families and in common; when the produce is collected, each takes a load sufficient for gothic papers, his subsistence during the year; the remainder is burned, in order to have a reason for renewing their labour, and argumentative essay outline organizer not remaining inactive. Their weapons consist of gothic papers a bow and arrows, which are three cubits in length, or a javelin, and a shield, and a broadsword three cubits long.

Instead of bridles, From an Ajanta Cave Painting. (After Griffiths.) they use muzzles, which differ little from a halter, and the lip-straps are perforated with spikes. Nearchos, producing proofs of the skill of the Indians in works of art, says that when they saw sponges in use among the Macedonians, they imitated them by sewing hairs, thin threads, and strings in australia, wool; after the wool was felted, they drew out the hairs, threads, and research papers strings, and dyed it with colours. Resume? There quickly appeared also manufactures of architecture papers brushes for the body, and of vessels for oil (lekythoi). They write letters, he says, upon chief resume, cloth that is gothic research papers, smoothed by being well beaten, although other authors affirm that they have no knowledge of writing. They use brass which is cast and not wrought. He does not give a reason for this, although he mentions the strange fact that if vessels of this description fall to copy resume, the ground, they break like those made of gothic papers clay.

The following custom also is mentioned in accounts of India, that, instead of prostrating themselves before their kings, it is usual to address them, and all persons in authority and high station, with a prayer. The country produces precious stones, as crystal, carbuncles of all kinds, and pearls. As an instance of the disagreement among historians, we may adduce their different accounts of Kalanos. They all agree that he accompanied Alexander and underwent a voluntary death by fire in his presence, but they differ as to the manner and cause of his death. Some give the following account. Anesthesist Nj? Kalanos accompanied the king, as the rehearser of his praises, beyond. the boundaries of India, contrary to the common Indian custom; for the philosophers attend upon their kings and act as instructors in the worship of the gods, in the same manner as the Magi attend the Persian kings. When he fell sick at Pasargadai, being then attacked with disease for the first time in his life, he put himself to architecture research, death at the age of words to conclude seventy-three years, regardless of the entreaties of the king.

A pyre was raised, and a gilded couch placed upon it. He lay down upon it, and covering himself up, was burned to death. Others say that a chamber was constructed of wood, which was filled with the gothic architecture papers leaves of trees, and a pyre being raised upon the roof, he was shut up in it, according to his directions, after the procession, with which he had been accompanied, had arrived at the spot. Outline Organizer? He threw himself upon the pyre and was consumed like a log of gothic architecture wood, together with the to conclude chamber. Megasthenes says that self-destruction is not a dogma of the philosophers, and that those who commit this act are accounted foolhardy; that some, who are harsh by nature, inflict wounds upon architecture research papers, their bodies, or cast themselves down precipices; those who are impatient of pain drown themselves; those who can endure. An Elephant in a royal procession at Baroda. pain strangle themselves; and those of ardent tempers throw themselves into the fire. Of this last description was Kalanos, who had no control over himself and was a slave to the table of Alexander. Kalanos is censured, while Mandanis is applauded. Copy? When Alexander’s messengers invited the latter to come to the son of Zeus, promising a reward if he would comply, and threatening punishment if he refused, he answered, “Alexander was not the son of Zeus, for architecture research papers, he did not govern even the smallest portion of the earth; nor did he himself desire a gift from one who was satisfied with nothing. Neither did he fear his threats, for as long as he lived India would supply him with food enough, and when he died, he should be delivered from the phd thesis flesh wasted by old age and be translated to a better and purer state of existence.” Alexander commended and pardoned him.

Historians also relate that the Indians worship Zeus Ombrios (“the Rainy”), the river Ganges, and the local divinities of the country; that when the king washes his hair12, a great feast is celebrated, and large presents are sent, each person displaying his wealth in competition with his neighbour. They say that some of the gold-digging myrmekes (ants) have wings, and that the architecture rivers, like those of Iberia, bring down gold-dust. In processions at their festivals, many elephants are in the train, adorned with gold and essays silver, numerous carriages drawn by research papers, four horses and by several pairs. of oxen; then follows a body of attendants in full dress, bearing vessels of gold, large kettles, and resume huge bowls, an orguia (about six feet) in breadth, tables, chairs of state, drinking-cups, and lavers of Indian copper, most of which are set with precious stones, as emeralds, beryls, and Indian carbuncles, and wearing garments embroidered and interwoven with gold. In the procession are also wild beasts, as buffaloes, panthers, tame lions, and a multitude of birds of variegated plumage and of fine song. Kleitarchos speaks of architecture research papers four-wheeled carriages bearing trees with large leaves, from which were suspended (in cages) different kinds of resume tame birds, among which the orion13 was said to possess the sweetest note, but the katreus (bird of paradise?) was the most beautiful in appearance, and had the architecture most variegated plumage. In shape it approached nearest to the peacock, but the rest of the essays description must be taken from Kleitarchos.

Opposed to the Brachmanes there are philosophers called Pramnai (Buddhists), contentious and fond of argument. They ridicule the papers Brachmanes as boasters and fools for nurse anesthesist moorestown, occupying themselves with natural science and astronomy. Some of the Pramnai are called Pramnai of the Mountains, others Gymnetai, and others again are called Townsmen and Countrymen. The Pramnai of the Mountains wear deerskins and carry scrips filled with roots and drugs; they profess to practise medicine by means of incantations, charms, and amulets. The Gymnetai, as their name imports, go naked and.

Hindus at the well of knowledge, Benares. live chiefly in the open air, practising asceticism for the space of thirty-seven years, as I have mentioned above. Women live in their society, but without cohabitation. The Gymnetai are held in high esteem. The Townsmen (Pramnai) dwell in cities and wear fine linen, or also in the country, clothed in the skins of fawns or antelopes. In short, the Indians wear white garments, white linen and muslin, contrary to the accounts of gothic research those who say that they wear garments of a bright colour; all of them wear long hair and long beards, plait their hair, and international development bind it with a fillet. Artemidoros says that the Ganges descends from the Emoda Mountains and proceeds toward the south; when it arrives at the city Ganges, it turns to architecture, the east, and. keeps this direction as far as Palibothra (Patna) and the mouth by australia, which it discharges itself into the sea. He calls one of the rivers which flow into gothic architecture papers it Oidanes, which breeds crocodiles and dolphins.

Some other circumstances besides are mentioned by him, but in so confused and negligent a manner that they are not to be regarded. To these accounts may be added that of Nikolaos Damaskenos. This writer states that at Antioch near Daphne14, he met with ambassadors from the Indians, who were sent to Augustus Caesar. From the letter it appeared that several persons were mentioned in it, but only three, whom he says he saw, survived. The rest had died, chiefly in consequence of the length of the journey. The letter was written in Greek upon a skin; the import of it was that Poros was the essays writer; that although he was sovereign of six hundred kings, he nevertheless esteemed the friendship of Caesar highly; and that he was willing to allow him a passage through his country, in whatever direction he pleased, and to gothic, assist him in phd thesis international, any undertaking that was just. Eight naked servants, with girdles around their waists and architecture fragrant with perfumes, presented the australia gifts which were brought.

The presents were a Hermes (i.e. a man) born without arms, whom I have seen, large snakes, a serpent ten cubits in length, a river. tortoise of three cubits in length, and a partridge larger than a vulture. Gothic? The ambassadors were accompanied by the person, it is said, who burnt himself to development, death at Athens. This is the architecture research papers practice with persons in distress, who seek escape from existing calamities, and nurse anesthesist moorestown nj with others in prosperous circumstances, as was the case with this man. For as everything hitherto had succeeded with him, he thought it necessary to gothic architecture research, depart, lest some unexpected calamity should happen to him by continuing to live; with a smile, therefore, naked, anointed, and with his girdle round his waist, he leaped upon the pyre. On his tomb was this inscription:

Here lies Zarmanochegas15, an Indian, a native of Bargose16, having immortalized himself according to the custom of his country.’ 1. Resume? The Oxydrakai, an autonomous tribe of the Panjab, are meant. 2. Pataliputra, the modern Patna; see above, vol. ii, p. 110. 3. Gothic Architecture? The ruins of Taxila (Skt. Takshasila) are still to be seen near Rawal Pindi in Northern India. 4. Resume Australia? Homer, Odyssey, 2, 157. 5. The modern names of most of these places will be found in the description given of Alexander’s Indian campaign in the third and fourth chapters of the second volume of this series. 6. Gothic Research Papers? See vol. ii, p. 67. 7. The Malloi occupied a part of Multan; the Oxydrakai adjoined them in the neighbourhood of Lahore.

8. Sandrokottos is Chandragupta, mentioned frequently in connection with Alexander in the second volume of the present series. 9. This Indian custom of rubbing or massage is referred to in Sanskrit writings and also is mentioned by other authors. 10. See the descriptions in the next chapter. 11. By Arrian and Plutarch he is called Dandamis. 12.

On his birthday, Herodotus, 9. 110. 13. Aelian, De Animalium Natura , 17. International? 22. 14. An unimportant town in the pashalic of gothic research papers Aleppo, the modern name of which is still Antakieh. In ancient times it was distinguished either as Antioch on the Orontes, because it was situated on words a research the left bank of that river, or as Antioch near Daphne, because of a celebrated grove of Daphne, which was consecrated to Apollo. 15. In Dio Cassius, 54. 9, he is called Zarmanos, a variation probably of Sarmanos or Garmanos.

16. Bargosa is gothic, a corruption of Barygaza mentioned in Arrian’s Periplus of the Red Sea the Sanskrit Bhrigukaccha, the Modern Broach.

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The Infamous Canon Resume/Stop/Reset Button. 2011-02-23T11:52 February 23, 2011. The following information relates to small handful of Canon ink cartridges including the gothic architecture papers PG-37, CL-38, PG-40, CL-41, PG-50, CL-51, PG-510, CL-511, PG-512, CL-513, PG-540, PG-540XL, CL-541 and CL-541XL. Resume! The warnings vary from architecture research printer to printer but should be similar to resume australia, the following: “The following ink cartridge may have run out: The function for detecting the remaining ink level will be disabled since the ink level cannot be correctly detected. If you want to continue printing without this function, press the printers Stop/Reset button for at least 5/five seconds. Canon recommends to gothic architecture research, use new genuine Canon cartridges in order to persuasive essays, obtain optimum qualities. Please be advised that Canon shall not be liable for gothic architecture any malfunction or trouble caused by a research continuation of printing under the ink out condition.” “The following ink has run out:

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Please note that despite the ominous warnings to the contrary there is architecture papers no way that continuing to use cartridges under these conditions can damage your printer. As the ink comes straight from the cartridge to the paper at no point does any non-Canon product come in contact with your machine. Whilst the print head of the cartridge will eventually cease to function correctly after it has been refilled a significant amount of times the only thing that can inflict damage prior to this point is prolonged printing when the ink has physically run out. I hope you have found this advice useful. If however you continue to have problems with the cartridge please do get in contact with your supplier or check out our other troubleshooting videos to help identify the problem. This advice is applicable to the following printers Canon Fax JX200, MultiPass 450, MP150, MP160, MP170, Pixma iP1200, iP1300, iP1600, iP1700, iP1800, iP1900, iP2200, iP2400, iP2500, iP2600, MP140, MP150, MP160, MP170, MP180, MP190, MP210, MP220, MP450, MP460, MP470, MX300, MX310, iP2700, iP2702, MP230, MP240, MP250, MP252, MP260, MP270, MP272, MP280, MP282, MP330, MP480, MP490, MP492, MP495, MP499, MX320, MX330, MX340, MX350, MX410, MX420, MG2150, MG2250, MG3150, MG3155, MG3250, MG3550, MG4150, MG4250, MX375, MX395, MX435, MX455, MX515 and persuasive finally the Pixma MX525. If you have any other questions or have something to add, please let us know below in gothic the comments. I have been involved in the printer industry since I was 18 and have been an a research employee of Refresh Cartridges since early 2009. Papers! I am a dedicated family man, gamer, music fan and friend to all.

I write the majority of the content here on Igloo and am responsible for its upkeep. March 3, 2012 at to conclude a research, 5:08 pm (UTC 0) On my pixma MP490 I have refilled my color and gothic architecture research black cartridge for the third time. The printer now gives me the message The printer head is to conclude not installed referring specifically to gothic research, the black cartridge. although I know i have carefully place cartridge into words to conclude a research printer and pushed down until the click. I have removed and gothic architecture research replaced a dozen times and still get same message. Is this cartride not good anymore or can it be salvaged.

I tried holding down the reset per you instruction with no result. I also disconnected and reconnected USB and power without result. Any suggestions? Thand you and Regards. March 9, 2012 at 2:15 pm (UTC 0) If the words a research cartridge is clicked in all of the way I can only imagine the cartridge is having trouble communicating with the architecture papers cartridge electronically meaning the electronic contacts have either ceased functioning or are being obscured in some way.

I would recommend taking the following steps: -Remove the cartridge from the printer. -Turn the printer off from the machine itself. -Run a dry cloth across the persuasive essays on stds gold contacts on the front of the cartridge. -Run the cloth across the gothic research papers corresponding contacts inside the printer. -Turn the printer back on. -Re-install the cartridge again. Hope this helps. March 5, 2012 at 7:19 pm (UTC 0)

FOUND YOU ON YOUTUBE. My MP490 was working fine until I manually refilled the two cartridges. This is the third time I have done this and a research paper had no problem in gothic architecture research papers the past. This time I am getting the message print head is not installed, install the chief print headwith an error code of UO51. I have carefully removed reinstalled cartridge many times without success. The only further info i#039;ve got is that it is the black cartridge causing the problem. I have no problem buying an OEM cartridge but am afraid this might not even solve the problem. I have tried pushing and holding reset button, etc. and gothic architecture research papers it doesn#039;t seem to help. Do you have any thoughts or solutions?

March 13, 2012 at copy chief, 12:06 pm (UTC 0) Sadly the research papers UO51 error cannot be overcome with the holding of the resume button. It occurs when the printer is words a research paper having trouble recognising the cartridge electronically. You can always wipe the contacts of the cartridge (and the corresponding ones inside the printer) with a piece of kitchen tissue to architecture research papers, remove any oils, ink etc. to see if that helps. March 16, 2012 at 10:08 pm (UTC 0) God bless you Matthew for that video and explanation. Tearing out my remaining hair and foaming at the mouth while. doing everything I ever did before to argumentative essay outline organizer, try and coax my. Canon mp250 back to gothic architecture, life including Polynesian incantations, all in the. middle of working on words to conclude, my taxes to print out IRS forms, your. explanation appeared, a true gift from the gods.

I sort of , kind of, did what you said, I think, as I was not fully in control. of my senses after battling the printer for 3 hours, but whatever. I did following your step by step, it worked. No more clanking, spinning, rattling noises followed by. a half minute of eerie silence and then the dreaded beep-beep.

and a bloody error message to drive my blood pressure up. Whatever we did, you and me, it worked! I#039;m printing again. Gothic Architecture Papers! I#039;m. almost happy to pay my taxes now that the copy chief resume goddamn printer works once again. Almost.

April 18, 2012 at 9:59 am (UTC 0) I have tried the architecture papers information given about the a research paper reset button but still no joy -as this printer was bought from gothic architecture research Argos -I cannot ask them ,so can you please recommend an agent in phd thesis international this area of agrsvesend ,North Kent who can help ?? D,Kingsnorth. Many thanks for your comments. April 18, 2012 at 10:09 am (UTC 0) Sadly I do not know anybody in the area who could help you in the flesh. Architecture Papers! If however you wanted to argumentative essay, let me know a detailed description of the problem along with any messages you are getting from the printer I would be happy to try and help. Alternatively feel free to gothic research papers, post any printer/cartridge related queries on essay outline, our Facebook page: April 18, 2012 at 10:05 am (UTC 0) I have done what you advise ,press the particular button which iI have now identified.

with your lucid diagram but still no joy. What next ? Can you advise a cannon retailer -agent who can help as I bought at Argos. 11.05 on gothic architecture research papers, the 19th. April 18, 2012 at 10:14 am (UTC 0) I am sorry to hear it.

So I have a better idea what we are dealing with could you please let me know the exact error message you are getting from the printer or the to conclude a research paper nature of the problem? I can then hopefully advise further. You can also locate Canon service centres here: September 20, 2012 at 8:39 pm (UTC 0) I#039;m also getting the print head is not installed, install the gothic print head error on a Canon MP 470. Argumentative Essay! This happens with both a BS and a color cartridge that I recently bought. I don#039;t see any obstructions on the cartridge. Has anyone made progress in solving this? September 25, 2012 at 11:56 am (UTC 0) This error occurs when the printer is having trouble recognising a cartridge electronically. I would advise trying the following:

-Remove the gothic cartridge from the development printer. -Turn the printer off from the machine itself. -Run a dry cloth across the gold contacts on the front of the cartridge. -Run the architecture papers cloth across the phd thesis international corresponding contacts inside the gothic architecture research papers printer. -Turn the argumentative essay outline organizer printer back on. -Re-install the gothic architecture research cartridge again. If this does not help it is essays on stds entirely possible that the gothic architecture electronics on the cartridge are either damaged of have ceased functioning. In which case replacing the australia cartridge is the only alternative. September 26, 2012 at 10:52 pm (UTC 0) RefreshCarts, thanks very much for the reply.

November 13, 2012 at gothic, 2:26 pm (UTC 0) I’ve got a Canon MP495 printer and have just put a refilled black ink cartridge in. It was the original one which I had filled by a local shop. Essay! Is there any way to get the gothic orange low ink light to go out. Australia! There doesn’t seem to gothic, be an error message just the ink low light. I’ve tried holding down the reset button but it’s made no difference. Any ideas? November 13, 2012 at words paper, 3:13 pm (UTC 0) There is no way to reset the ink level of these cartridges. A low ink warning by itself will not stop you printing however.

Once your printer believes the cartridge is empty you will have to hold down the button to continue, but that is as taxing as it gets. December 3, 2012 at 3:12 pm (UTC 0) thanks for your advice, alls well until i came to refil my cartridge for thr 2nd time. As the refil was disabled i had the architecture stop printing mode and then pressed the red triangle as you recommend. now having refilled the argumentative essay outline cartridge there appesrs to be excessive ink flowing out architecture, , which i have dried several times, i#039;ve checked that the refil hole is paper sealed. howeve the test print from clean the head is perfect yet the gothic architecture papers printer will not print letters. why can the test be detail perfect yet the p;rint not work.

March 4, 2013 at 9:54 pm (UTC 0) I have the argumentative U051 message on an MX340, with a brand-new 211XL cartridge. But when I put the architecture papers old, used-up cartridge in, I get no error message at international, all (except Low Ink, of course). I called Canon tech support and papers they agreed it sounded like a defective cartridge and sent me a new one. Unfortunately, it also gives U051. This time tech support says it means that my printer (only two years old!) is defective and a research paper I either have to architecture research, buy a new one or go without color printing (I can put the old one back in so that I don#039;t get an error message and can therefore print, but only black, of course, since the old color cartridge is empty). They also said that what I was describing didn#039;t make sense (old cartridge recognizable and new one not). I asked them if they had any idea why it might be happening and they said it#039;s an resume anomaly(. ) I came the advice on your site to press the Reset button, but that didn#039;t work (and further down on research, your website I came across your note that it would not work for U051).

I tried your advice of cleaning the contacts and that didn#039;t work either. Anesthesist Nj! I would assume that it really is the printer which is defective … except that it *does* recognize the old cartridge! Any idea why this could be, and what to do about it? Thanks. November 9, 2013 at 2:32 pm (UTC 0)

Did you ever find an answer to gothic papers, this, I#039;m having the same issue. May 12, 2013 at 7:38 pm (UTC 0) Hi, I have just had the cartridges for my MP495 filled and installed them. Outline Organizer! I#039;m getting no error messages and I have been able to use the photocopy function in colour. But when I try to research papers, print something from my computer (like a word document) the copy chief printer won#039;t print in colour. Papers! Any idea why this might be? Cheers. May 14, 2013 at nurse anesthesist, 9:56 am (UTC 0) If you printer is research papers going through the motions of printing but not putting any colour ink to paper I would recommend doing cleaning/deep cleaning cycles from your printer or printer software.

This pushes additional ink into the printhead and chief is likely to resolve print quality issues. if the problem persists after a few of these cleans then I would recommend taking th cartridge back to whoever refilled it. Hope this helps. May 14, 2013 at gothic architecture papers, 7:25 pm (UTC 0) I have a cannon pimxa mp495, just installed 2 new compitable ink cartridges into my printer and am now getting an error e14 flash up? I not sure how to fix it? June 1, 2013 at 1:31 pm (UTC 0) Do you know the pin sequences for words to conclude these cartridges… I mean there must be a way to reset the cartridge itself or at least fool the printer into thinking there is an everlasting cartridge in the slot? (perhaps something like it resets every time the gothic printer is switched off and on) Also is there a way to outline, factory reset the printer and in that way it loses all its memory. I have the Epson stylus dx8450 and a canon ip1900. June 13, 2013 at 9:49 pm (UTC 0) Oh my god.

Thank you thank you thank you. I had tried everything to bring my damn printer back to life and this is the only thing that worked. Architecture Papers! You#039;re a ?. August 19, 2013 at 1:22 pm (UTC 0) Argos are selling Canon printer real cheap at resume australia, the moment and gothic papers these canon printers take the 540 Black and 541 Colour these printers have a page counter installed in them so they will not except refilled cartridges. Do you know any way round this please. August 20, 2013 at 9:44 am (UTC 0) Whilst these cartridges will warn of low ink as described in phd thesis international this article you can still get around it easily using the gothic research method described here. There is persuasive nothing stopping you using refilled cartridge in these machines as long as the sensitive electronics are not damaged during refilling. If the contacts are damaged you will receive a message stating that the cartridge cannot be recognised.

Sadly this message is pretty terminal and there is no way around it. Hope this helps. September 26, 2013 at 12:56 pm (UTC 0) I recently purchased refill cartridges for my Canon MP220, this is the very first time I have replaced the cartridges for my machine but I am continually getting an error message U051, I have tried resetting the machine using your instructions above but it still wont recognise the cartridges, please help. September 26, 2013 at 3:48 pm (UTC 0)

In my experience U051 indicates that your printer is gothic architecture research having trouble recognising a particular cartridge and is different to words a research, the low ink warning covered here. Sadly all you can do to is ensuring the gold contacts on gothic architecture research papers, the front of the cartridge are clean. If this doesn#039;t help there is likely an issue with the cartridge electronically and it will need replacing. October 11, 2013 at 5:50 am (UTC 0) I have a cannon pimxa ip1800, just installed 2 new ink cartridges into my printer and an now getting an error of 7 flash up. The printer send me a message that the color cartridge is not installed properly but and phd thesis sure it is. I not sure how to fix it? October 16, 2013 at 8:53 am (UTC 0) Error E07 does indeed relate to architecture, the printer not being able to resume australia, recognise the cartridge. This does not however mean the cartridge is architecture papers not installed correctly, just that the printer cannot read the contacts of the cartridge correctly.

In this instance I would recommend taking the following steps: -Remove the cartridge from the moorestown printer. -Turn the printer off. -Wipe the contacts on the front of the cartridge firmly with a piece of gothic research papers kitchen tissue. -Wipe the corresponding contact inside the printer. -Turn the printer back on. -Reinstall the cartridge.

This will hopefully remove any oil, dirt or ink that is stopping the printer recognising the cartridge and allow you to continue printing. If however this does not help it may be that the resume australia electronic components of the cartridge have either become dead electronically or have been damaged. in gothic papers this case I can only recommend replacing the ink cartridge. November 4, 2013 at to conclude, 7:41 pm (UTC 0) Canon mp495 will not print on the left side of paper (about 1 and 1/2 inches) the right side is architecture fine. November 11, 2013 at 12:34 am (UTC 0) I have just refilled my cartridges for words paper my mp490 and it will only print out in gothic research papers black and pink how can I fix this. November 12, 2013 at 5:04 pm (UTC 0) Hello!

I have a Canon PIXMA MX455 printer, and no matter how many times or for how long I press the Stop/Reset button, I cannot get rid of the low ink warning. Do you know a way to reset the phd thesis international development type of papers printer mentioned above? November 12, 2013 at 6:00 pm (UTC 0) It is important to note that the holding down resume does not get rid of the low ink warning. Pressing this button down is only to be done when your printer believes the cartridge is empty and stops your printing. Essay Outline Organizer! The ink level estimate will still read as low after this point, but you will be able to gothic research papers, continue printing with the black or colour cartridge in question until it physically runs out of ink. November 16, 2013 at 9:52 pm (UTC 0) Hi I have a canon MG4150 and have refilled my colour cartridge but my printer wont acknowledge it how do i reset it.

November 19, 2013 at 11:27 am (UTC 0) Your printer will not give an ink level reset after refilling but should still recognise it. What error message are you getting? September 16, 2014 at 5:55 pm (UTC 0) did you ever sort this out, as I have the same problem, and de -pressing the copy chief resume stop button is not working either. November 20, 2013 at architecture research papers, 4:42 pm (UTC 0) I#039;ve got an ip3500. Quite suddenly the lights went out on the cartridges (not Canon#039;s) and it won#039;t print. error message cartridges not recognised and I get a flashing yellow light – 4 times. Any fix available??

November 26, 2013 at 8:43 am (UTC 0) I have a Canon Pixma ip5200 and phd thesis development have used compatible cartridges with no bother until recently when I got resume light flashing 5 times, with a pause. I thought it would be the gothic architecture print head so have replaced this to argumentative essay organizer, no avail- still flashing in sequences of architecture 5 and no response when trying to print. Resume Australia! Have tried power off and reset codes etc. Would be grateful of architecture any advice.

December 17, 2013 at 10:54 am (UTC 0) I replaced black ink cartridge pg 512 for canon mp490 (a non original one) and I get error U052 Printer head not installed. I tried to on stds, press and hold the reset red button, as well as other buttons but nothing happens. What am I doing wrong? Does this printer accept only original canon ink cartridges?

Please help! Thanks? December 24, 2013 at 12:09 am (UTC 0) Hi, I have a MP490. Replaced the cartridges with refilled ones, did the gothic papers whole reset button for x amount of time. The black has registered on moorestown nj, the printer, but colour is still saying it is low…but on the flip side it still prints fine in both black and colour. Should I just live with it? Or…

Thanks for your time. December 24, 2013 at 11:27 am (UTC 0) Even after holding the reset button down the cartridges should still read as being low. This process is designed to get you up and architecture research printing once the printer has decided the words to conclude cartridge is empty (and temporarily stops you printing). Gothic Papers! As such do not worry about resume, it, your printer will let you carry on until ink physically runs our or your printer thinks the other cartridge is empty. January 14, 2014 at 11:20 pm (UTC 0) Thanks for research the useful info! I just got a Pixma MX395 and I was wondering how many times I can refill the original cartridges and still be able to print. I used to on stds, have an Epson with CISS, which broke, and research papers now I have a lot of leftover ink from it.

Can I use it for my Canon? Kinda like a CISS, except manually refilling the cartridges whenever ink runs out. In other words, is there any way of using this printer without periodically investing money in argumentative new (original or not) cartridges? I only want to buy the ink from gothic architecture now on. Hope my questions made sense. January 15, 2014 at 1:20 pm (UTC 0) You can continue to resume australia, refill these cartridges until the gothic printhead of the cartridge ceases to moorestown nj, function mechanically.

This could be on the first refill or after several. Canon design these cartridges for single use only so anything in excess of this is a bonus. I am not however aware of gothic architecture papers any CISS kits for this printer. I can see no reason why you could not continue to to conclude, use the ink you already have and replace the ink cartridge occasionally though. January 18, 2014 at 3:08 am (UTC 0)

Sir, I am getting an error somewhat like this in my Canon pixma ip1300: The Following cartridge cannot be recognized. Printing cannot be executed because ink cartridge may not be inserted properly or may not be compatible for this printer. sir, any help would be gladly appreciated. January 26, 2014 at 6:17 pm (UTC 0) I have a Canon Pixma MX310.

I#039;ve been refilling cartridges for several years and pressing the stop/reset button and this has worked This time however, nothing. I gave in and bought a Canon cartridge, still nothing. I get a yellow warning light and a Check Ink message on the printer plus an gothic papers error message when I try to print like the one in your video. Can you suggest anything else to try? Thanks very much – you have saved me hundreds of £ over the years! January 28, 2014 at argumentative essay outline organizer, 10:44 am (UTC 0) I can only imagine the gothic architecture #039;Check Ink#039; message is persuasive essays on stds referring to something other than low ink as this is a 100% fix for this. Are there any other codes and references that are presented alongside Check Ink? If not could you please confirm the full error message given to you on your computer screen?

January 28, 2014 at 9:36 am (UTC 0) Hi, I had buy a canon MP 280 printer four years ago. but it didn#039;t work properly from the beginning and gothic architecture papers it had cartridge error. the guaranty service was not available in my country. after four years I want want to know if it is repairable or not, and how can I get rid of cartridge error. I would be so glad if you could help me. thank you for you kind answer. February 8, 2014 at 5:40 pm (UTC 0) I have just purchased a Canon Pixma mx455 I have set up as instructed, but everytime I open the cover to words to conclude paper, install paper, the ink cartridges move across and pop open the cover door. Message states #039;can replace cartridge#039;. I have taken them out and research papers replaced 3 times.

Is it me or the a research paper damed machine. They are the cartridges packed with the machine. February 10, 2014 at 9:45 pm (UTC 0) I have a Canon printer Mp272, i would like to know if I need both cartridges black and colour in papers order for persuasive on stds it to work as it shows me E5 and does not print. February 11, 2014 at 9:43 am (UTC 0) This printer does indeed need the black and colour cartridge to be recognised in order for it to carry on printing. Gothic Architecture! E05 indicated that one of the cartridges is resume australia unrecognisable by the printer and I can only recommend replacing the architecture problematic cartridge. March 4, 2014 at 10:43 am (UTC 0) Hi I just bought a cannon pixma MG3150 The ink head will not open automatically and I am getting warning P 02. There is no paper jam and this is the first time ink will be put into the printer.

HELP. June 4, 2014 at resume, 6:47 pm (UTC 0) Thank you so much for gothic research the tip! Saved me so much time and moorestown effort! June 25, 2014 at 1:50 am (UTC 0) My Canon mp230 is brand new and architecture papers the light flashes 22 times.the scanner nor the printer want to work. July 20, 2014 at 10:36 pm (UTC 0) Sir i have a problem on chief resume, my canon ip2700 printer..the error says that the waste tank is full and i try to reset it two times but the gothic architecture research papers reseter did not work..is it only 4 times of failed reseting and the printer will be dead? Can you recommend me wher to download a reliable reseter?

July 22, 2014 at nurse anesthesist moorestown, 11:30 am (UTC 0) Sadly holding down the papers resume button will not resolve any issues relating to the waste ink tank of australia your printer. To continue printing you will need to gothic, find a method of resetting the waste ink tank/ink absorber counter. After a quick Google I found several methods or doing so but i have note had experience resetting this particular printer personally. July 25, 2014 at 11:36 am (UTC 0)

hi i HAVE A CANON IP1300 PRINTER . I HAVE REFILLED THE CARTRIDGE CORRECTLY BUT MY PRINTER IS NOT RECOGNIZING IT.CAN YOU TELL ME A SOLUTION HOW I CAN USE THE REFILLED CATRRIDGE….SAY IF I CAN DO SOMETHING WITH THE CHIP. August 16, 2014 at 12:34 pm (UTC 0) Thank you so so much for the information. I was wondering it says my cartridge is empty even after I have refilled the to conclude ink. So now I know it#039;s normal so thank you so much. My mind is at ease now. Gothic Research Papers! #128512; September 13, 2014 at 3:41 pm (UTC 0) I have installed a refilled CL41 in my Cannon MP210. It says: Printing cannot be executed because the Ink cartridge may not be installed properly or may not be compatible with this printer. Persuasive Essays! I did try cleaning the contacts as well as holding the Stop/Reset bottom, but no luck, it does not let me print.

Any way to get around this? September 18, 2014 at architecture research, 10:43 am (UTC 0) Hi my canon mg3550 has the green and amber light flashing alternately for copy chief 4 flashes (2 each) There is ink in the cartridges, I have taken them out and gothic research papers put them back, but it will not start or reset, any ideas? September 30, 2014 at 3:46 pm (UTC 0) pls… help me. i need resetter for canon pixma p200, where i download the restter? October 28, 2014 at resume australia, 3:00 am (UTC 0)

was there a reply, answer or solution, am in need of same for canon p200….help pls. October 20, 2014 at 6:58 am (UTC 0) if i refill the 512 black faxes cannot be recieved and the printer stores them until i install an architecture research papers original before releasung. please help. October 24, 2014 at 6:38 am (UTC 0) Hi, I have a Cannon pixma 160 and I just replaced the black and color cartridge and when it goes through the to conclude a research paper motion to print it acts like it is printing but the sheets come out blank. Please does anyone know what could be wrong? I did remove the gothic papers strip like it said on the box.

Thanks. October 25, 2014 at 12:38 pm (UTC 0) Sounds like the ink isn#039;t where it need to be in the cartridge. I would recommend running a couple of cleaning/deep cleaning cycles from on stds your printer or printer software. If this fails to help, simply sit it on gothic architecture research, a damp patch on some tissue for 30 seconds and this should help get the ink flowing. November 11, 2014 at 11:45 am (UTC 0) Hi, I have a canon mx 395, it worked fine until last week. It receives faxes fine, but when it sends a fax the recipient gets a blank sheet, I tried copying but again a blank sheet.

Why will it receive faxes but scans blank sheets? Thanking you in advance for words to conclude your help. November 19, 2014 at research papers, 11:26 am (UTC 0) November 24, 2014 at 11:41 am (UTC 0) hi Matthew, i have a canon mp220 series, when i want to print , the paper slide directly through to the out tray. It was working perfectly prior to going away for a month, any advice would be much appreciated. November 25, 2014 at 8:27 am (UTC 0)

I have a canon Ip4200, is nurse nj was printing normaly and gothic architecture research all of a research paper a suden, it prints blanks. I did a head cleaning, Nozzle Check, only the black ink print when I do a Nozzle Check, all the catridges are full. What can the gothic problem be? November 29, 2014 at 7:33 pm (UTC 0) where is the resume button in copy chief canon ip 2600. December 2, 2014 at gothic architecture papers, 10:19 am (UTC 0) Near top left, under the power button. I believe it doubles as a paper feed button. December 15, 2014 at 5:26 pm (UTC 0)

Hi I have a pixma 287 printer. Essays On Stds! With refilled cartridges it was working well, then suddenly message displayed cartridges cannot be recognised how to restore printing. December 17, 2014 at 4:02 pm (UTC 0) Hi Matthew. Thank you for sharing all this information with us all. Very grateful and much appreciated. January 2, 2015 at architecture research papers, 5:42 pm (UTC 0) I cant get my printer to international development, work after it ran out of paper. Research! I#039;ve filled the paper, pressed and held the reset button for essays up to 10 seconds, pressed both colour and black buttons, turned it on and off a few times and gothic architecture research papers still it says paper tray needs refilled.

Any ideas on development, other ways to architecture research, clear this? the printer is brand new, first time priiting from it. January 23, 2015 at phd thesis development, 7:18 am (UTC 0) Canon Inkjet iP1300 printer showing error. The following ink catridge cannot be recognized. printing cannot be excuted because the ink catridge.

may not be compatible with this printer. Install the appropriate ink catridge. If you want to cancel printing, click cancel printing. February 18, 2015 at 8:16 pm (UTC 0) I have a Canon Pixma IP2500 with original cartridges. The colour one ran out of ink and architecture papers I have had it refilled. I have reset the options for black only copy chief, but no matter. what I do it will not print and comes up with the. Warning that an ink cartridge is not installed properly. and consequently won#039;t print. Gothic! I have tried the 5 sec.

Reset but to no avail. Any ideas please. November 30, 2015 at 12:08 pm (UTC 0) I need the same advice as David above as my printer is doing the same no matter how many times i reset! plesase can you provide a solution to this. thank you. March 3, 2015 at 2:13 pm (UTC 0) My Canon mp230 is persuasive essays brand new and architecture research papers the light flashes 22 times.the scanner nor the printer want to work. March 4, 2015 at 5:28 pm (UTC 0)

Hello sir, I need to help reset ink level of canon pixma e560 wifi model, please send me solution of that printer, March 6, 2015 at 11:05 am (UTC 0) Help! I have a Cannon MP5550 – replaced all cartridges, however it will print all other colours but black. I have done a deep clean, cleaned nozzles. Should I reset? Please help! March 11, 2015 at 5:19 pm (UTC 0) Please, any one can tell me how to nurse, Reset Ink Level Of Canon Pixma E560 wifi printer,

cartridge no. is PG-89 and CL-99. March 13, 2015 at 8:11 am (UTC 0) Brilliant – was pulling my hair out as the magenta cartridge wasnt working after id changed it. No warnings or error messages – just wasn’t printing magenta. Held it down for gothic research about 15 seconds and worked straight away. Thank you! April 8, 2015 at a research paper, 2:19 pm (UTC 0) I have a canon Ip4200, is was printing normaly and all of a suden, it prints blanks.

I did a head cleaning, Nozzle Check, only the black ink print when I do a Nozzle Check, all the catridges are full. What can the gothic research papers problem be? May 14, 2015 at essay outline, 5:05 pm (UTC 0) I brought a new PC and its windows 8.1, my canon MG4150 print is not sharp any more. I downloaded the appropriate driver on the canon website, I#039;ve performed the auto align, and this has not cured the problem, despite performing these operation 2 or 3 times, and removing and re installing the driver.

New printer maybe?? August 9, 2015 at 11:16 am (UTC 0) I have a canon Pixma MG3550 printer. I have replaced the standard cartridges with XL cartridges but now I get four flashes. What can i do to remedy this. Thanks in gothic research advance for any help.

August 10, 2015 at phd thesis international development, 11:49 am (UTC 0) my canon mg2550 printer is gothic papers showing paper jam. I cannot see any paper. Resume! What can i do. October 9, 2015 at gothic research, 9:10 am (UTC 0) I have canon 6750dn printer..how can i get total pages print till date in resume ubuntu machine. November 1, 2015 at 2:36 am (UTC 0)

I have a MX475 the /Stop/Reset Button to continuing printing work on this printer to? November 9, 2015 at 10:16 am (UTC 0) I have a canon mx410 printer. Can the ink tanks be (for example) cl-211/pg-210xl or do they have to gothic architecture, be cl-211/pg-210. I keep getting the code u051 and I was wondering if this was the problem. November 15, 2015 at 4:14 pm (UTC 0) Hi. I have a canon e460 using pg-47 and cl-57.

I have refill the cartridges and the printer prints nothing, looks like the ink cartridges don#039;t spill out in even they are full. What should I do now? Thanks. January 1, 2016 at 2:20 pm (UTC 0) how do I reset the nurse Canon MP640 printer it wont tune on I#039;m getting a yellow light to the right of gothic architecture research my printer led screen wont come on resume, is there away to gothic research papers, fix it thanks. January 9, 2016 at 6:53 pm (UTC 0) I have canon pixmaE460 and its black ink lamb is continously flesh then what its mean and how i can solve this problem. January 19, 2016 at nurse anesthesist moorestown, 4:22 pm (UTC 0)

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July 21, 2016 at 7:28 pm (UTC 0) The Cannon mg5550, is the biggest load of rubbish i have ever brought, it makes loads of noise when starting to print,it takes ages to start printing,when the ink runs low it wont print it says hold the moorestown reset button for 5 seconds if you want to carry on papers, ,as you have gused it this dosent work either or to even find the reset button! its quite new for the amount i have used it. i will go back to words, my lexmark shouldnt have so called up dated in the firt place.. July 21, 2016 at 7:29 pm (UTC 0) then they wont post any bad things about their printer will they………………… October 13, 2016 at gothic architecture research papers, 8:34 pm (UTC 0) New refilled 513 ink won#039;t fit into my Canon printer.Should I break the nurse black case before fitting.thanks. October 15, 2016 at 12:47 pm (UTC 0) Many remanufactured/refilled versions of these cartridges come with a protective clip that covers the architecture research papers sensitive electronics on phd thesis development, the front of the gothic cartridge. If it will not fit then I would recommend double checking that all protective packaging has been removed. November 20, 2016 at 2:35 pm (UTC 0)

Hi , I have canon pixima g2000 printer. Please tell me that how can i got to know about the moorestown nj total pages printed by my printer till now . Thanks and research warm regards, November 23, 2016 at nurse, 4:36 pm (UTC 0) HI My canon MG4250 won#039;t print colour, the colour button will no longer press. February 2, 2017 at 4:01 pm (UTC 0)

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Can#039;t find it so far. July 27, 2017 at 5:18 pm (UTC 0) I just picked up a canon MG5650 from an papers old store it Gives me error: The following Ink tank cannot be recognized Support Code 1410, there is no to disable ink level indicator like d way i did with my Canon iP7240 iP4940 press resume for nurse moorestown 5 sec. but MG5650 dint have the option.. pls help. August 29, 2017 at 12:31 pm (UTC 0) a great help to many users of Canon but I dont find the solution to my problems a gtreat pity for gothic architecture research us bye MINOU moi. How to the Reset Purge Counter on a Brother Printer (With a Numerical Pad) 478 comments Epson inkjet printer rejecting printer cartridges? Try this! 220 comments How to Reset Purge Counter on a Brother Printer (Without Numerical Pad) 267 comments Clearing the resume Canon Pixma E04, E05, E14 or E15 Error Message 42 comments The Infamous Canon Resume/Stop/Reset Button 112 comments. Currently adding a new kids stationery range to gothic architecture research papers, our website including products from @Crayola :) https://t.co/6bvdEu48gA #Crayola #Stationery about international, 14 hours ago Good morning everyone!!

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10 Resume Tips From A Legal Recruiter. Ed. note : This is the latest installment in a series of posts on lateral partner moves from Lateral Link’s team of expert contributors. Abby Gordon is gothic architecture research papers, a Director with Lateral Link’s New York office. Persuasive Essays On Stds! Abby works with attorney candidates on law firm and in-house searches, primarily in New York, Boston, and Europe. Prior to joining Lateral Link, Abby spent seven years as a corporate associate with Cleary Gottlieb, focusing on capital markets transactions for Latin American clients in New York and for the last five years for papers, European clients in Paris. A native of Boston, Abby holds a J.D., cum laude, from Georgetown University Law Center and a B.A. in australia, government and gothic, romance languages, magna cum laude, from Dartmouth College.

Abby also worked with the International Rescue Committee as a Fulbright Scholar in Madrid, Spain. She is a member of the New York Bar and is fluent in French and Spanish (and dabbles in copy resume, Portuguese and gothic research papers, Italian). As a legal recruiter, I review numerous resumes each week in an effort to persuasive on stds assist my candidates with the substance and gothic architecture papers, presentation of their one-page life summaries. Here are ten tips based on the most common problems I see and questions I am asked: 1. Assume no one will read your resume word-for-word. Picture your interviewer pulling your resume off the resume printer and reading only what he can in the time it takes to walk back to gothic architecture papers his office. You need to copy chief resume make the most important stuff jump off the page. Use bold. Architecture! Use bullet points. Use headings.

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Delete information that is no longer relevant #8212; remember, every last word should serve the purpose of papers, getting you this job. Chief! If you are applying to 10 general litigation openings, one version may be just fine. But if you are applying to gothic architecture papers some general litigation spots and some patent litigation spots, you may want to have two versions of your resume, with each tailored to australia the specific opening or category of architecture, opening. 4. Resume! Be sure you can talk intelligently about every last thing you include on architecture papers, your resume. If you can no longer remember the main argument of your senior thesis from college, delete it from your resume or refresh your memory before any interviews.

You also must be prepared to anesthesist talk about the any legal matters you claim to have worked on, including about the research underlying legal issues. 5. When describing your legal experience, give concrete examples . Instead of merely asserting that you are a capital markets lawyer, note that you “Drafted the underwriting agreement as lead associate representing the to conclude a research underwriters in the offering of $300 million in floating rate notes by a large U.S. manufacturing company.” Even if you have a separate representative matters sheet, it may be helpful to include a few bullets points showing this experience in your actual resume as well. And remember from gothic research papers, Tip #2, every word counts. Paper! Don’t use neutral words where a more positive word could convey more meaning. Gothic Research! For example, which is more powerful, stating that you “worked on” a project or that you “successfully implemented” a project? 6. Be sure all information is up-to-date.

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Remember the phd thesis essential test: “Can you talk intelligently about it if asked?” If someone asks about your membership in an alumni network, will you state proudly that you assisted in architecture papers, raising $500,000 in alumni contributions for a scholarship fund or will you cower in phd thesis development, your chair and confess that you are on the e-mail list for the committee but have yet to attend a meeting? 8. Education first or work experience first? This is a common question. Remember Tip #1 #8212; you want the most important stuff to jump off the page. So if you went to a top law school, you may want to list education first. If your law school was not as highly ranked but you somehow landed a job at Wachtell, list work experience first. In the gothic architecture research case of a tie, I’d go with work experience first. To Conclude A Research! 9. The squint test : It seems a bit unsophisticated but it works. Tape your resume to a wall about 10 feet away or just hold it far out in gothic architecture papers, front of you and words a research, squint. Does the balance of black and white on the page make your eyes happy?

Is there much too much dense text? Or way too much white space? If you’ve ever strung lights on architecture papers, a Christmas tree, it’s the same principle. Squint and then follow your instincts. 10. Proofread your resume carefully. A Research Paper! Then proofread it again. Then ask a friend to proofread it. And another friend. And your legal recruiter. Research Papers! Then proofread it again.

Nothing screams “Don’t hire me!” like a glaring typo or spelling mistake. 10?. Here’s a freebie. Paper! It’s not the most important tip unless… well if it is, you know who you are. You know that photo of you in the Bahamas in your bikini?

Shirtless? You remember how you uploaded it to your Google profile? And now you list your Gmail address on your resume? Well guess what… When I am e-mailing you at your Gmail address, yes, I can see that photo of you in the right-hand sidebar on my screen. If I can see it, so can the recruiting coordinator and so can the research papers partner at the firm where you’re interviewing. Resume! Oh, and one more thing: your Twitter feed will also now show up on the right-hand sidebar.

I’m not asking you to stop using social media. But if you are indiscriminate about your tweets, think about setting up a separate e-mail address for the job search process. There is not just one right way of designing a resume. But there are wrong ways. Look at models but don’t just copy someone else’s. This singular piece of research papers, paper is your key to getting your foot in the door in the next step of your career… or not.

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International Banking System In Bangladesh. This study focuses on the international banking system in Bangladesh. The banking industry as a major promotion of the national economy. Banking is expanding the bank's activities in Bangladesh and is currently being explored in gothic research order to serve our customers. The study has been based on the use of information obtained information from anesthesist nj government bank, annual reports of Agrani Bank Ltd. Research. taken from different magazines, articles, publication papers and other sources. It has been stressed and trying to nurse anesthesist moorestown, find a great way to architecture, international banking the real situation in Bangladesh. However, there are a lot of secrets in the banking sector.

Because the researchers were unable to resume, reach the core of the analysis is needed to secret information. This report also tries to find out weak point regarding their international operation and gives some recommendations to gothic architecture, improve the Off-shore Banking Unit of Agrani Bank Ltd. 1.2. Objective of the study. . The main purpose is to be familiar with the real world situation and practical experience in a business firm basically International Banking System. Commercial bank, especially Private Bank is one of the important business sectors in Bangladesh. Agrani Bank Limited is a scheduled commercial bank in the govt. sector, which is focused on the established and emerging markets of Bangladesh. The purpose of this study is to earn a real life practical experience on essay, International transaction, Offshore Banking, and International Private Banking System. The study mainly conducted with the architecture papers, following objectives: ' To find out International transactions and their mechanism. ' To find out the challenge of ABL in relation to International Operation.

' To provide the recommendation for improving the international, international transaction of ABL. 1.3. Scope of the gothic research, Study. This report only focused on international banking system of Agrani Bank Ltd. Besides the international transactions, Researcher would try to focus on offshore banking, international private banking. Words To Conclude Paper. From this report novice reporter will get some idea about the international banking along with International Financial Center. 1.4.

Limitation of the Study. The objective of gothic architecture research papers this study is to earn real life practical experience in International Banking System. The lack of available of data is the prominent limitation. Maximum of nj banking activity are practical. Architecture Research Papers. Just reading the manual is not enough. To earn such practical experience, it requires working with those events.

The main limitations are as: ' Banking people are very busy. Sometimes it seems hard to get their attention. ' Lack of published relevant documents. ' Some information is confidential-not open to public. 2.1.

Company Overview. Agrani Bank Limited (ABL) was incorporated as a state-owned Commercial Bank (SCB) on May 17, 2007 Company Act 1994. Agrani Bank following the resume australia, Bangladesh Bank (Nationalisation) Order 1972, the Chairman of the order to become a volunteer organization nationalized commercial banks (NCB) 1972 No. 26. ABL took over the business a going concern basis, through supplier agreements, assets, liabilities, rights and gothic research papers, obligations of copy chief resume Agrani Bank, signed on November 15, 2007 between the gothic papers, Ministry of Education and anesthesist moorestown, Finance ABL Board of the People's Republic of gothic papers Bangladesh from July 2007 retroactive director. Capital and Profit: Agrani Bank Limited is a Bank with an Authorized Capital is BDT 2500 crore and Paid-up Capital of BDT 991.29 crore. The total Operating Profit Tk. 1006.74 Crore as on 31 December, 2012. Branches and Employees: The bank has 11 Circle offices, 29 Divisions in head office, 62 zonal offices and resume australia, 902 branches including 27 corporate and 40 AD (authorized dealer) branches. Research. The bank has 13,890 (9,917 officers and 3,973 staffs) employees till 2012.

Management: The board of directors is nurse anesthesist, consisted of gothic research 13 (thirteen) member headed by Chairman chief Executive Officer. Resume. The Chairman and Directors are nominated by government. Agrani Bank Limited, the only commercial bank is won by papers a group of local entrepreneurs, the idea to create a model of banking financial institutions have a different outlook, provided valuable customers, financial services and innovative products for the sustainable development of the common and the establishment of outline organizer a comprehensive idea of prosperity. Architecture Papers. Sponsors in trade, commerce and industry in the field of well-known figures. The World Bank is managed and operated by resume a group of well-educated and professional team, in the financial and banking sector diversified experience. The bank's management has always been focused on understanding and anticipating customer needs.

Banking situation is changing day by day, so the responsibility of the banks is a policy devices and architecture papers, new products to to conclude a research, adapt to a changing environment. Agrani Bank Limited has been in just two years has made tremendous progress. The bank has been listed as one of high-quality service providers and its reputation. 2.2. Hierarchy of Agrani bank.

In a bank where people can do transaction in foreign currency is architecture papers, called foreign exchange transaction. ABL's foreign exchange section and international transactions are working with the head office internal division. The full process is governed by Bangladesh bank. Any kind of transaction in foreign is a sensitive issued. ABL is rendering various kinds of services in copy chief international transaction of their clients. ABL defines their Forex business in three sections. Their details descriptions are the following:- 3.1. Foreign Currency Account.

Foreign Currency Accounts (FCA) is an account of a transaction other than the national currency to currency, one can bank in the country (territory) or bank maintained by another country (offshore). Foreign currency accounts generally do not include the national deposit insurance scheme.Since advertising per existing standards of the Bangladesh Bank may open foreign currency accounts follow types: 3.1.1. Non Resident Foreign Currency Deposit (NFCD) A/C. All non-resident Bangladeshi nationals and Bangladeshi descent, including those with dual citizenship, often living in a foreign country, you can maintain interest deposit account name as non-resident foreign currency deposits (NFCD) account authorized dealer. NFCD account by Bangladeshi nationals and the Embassy / High Commission Government of Bangladesh abroad / semi-government / autonomous / bank nationalization deputed abroad or with international and regional organizations like the IMF, World Bank, etc. personnel / service personnel opened allocation process Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian development Bank and other foreign countries may open such accounts. NFCD accounts also are opened with funds transferred from existing foreign currency accounts maintained by the wage earners' with the ADs in Bangladesh. NFCD deposit accounts are due after one month, three months, six months and one year in architecture research nature.

The bank will pay interest on such deposits in the euro currency deposit rates. These accounts can be kept in U.S. dollars, sterling, yen and euro and U.S. Argumentative Outline. $ 1,000 or a minimum amount of ?? 500 or equivalent. Accounts can be opened after the gothic papers, other freely convertible currency on the export converts those above currencies. These accounts can, as long as the desire to maintain the account holder. Eligible persons are allowed to words paper, return to Bangladesh after such accounts can be opened at any time. In the application form prescribed by the Bangladesh national qualifying opener and research papers, specimen signatures of a foreign official in Bangladesh mission, or a reputable bank or any other person known to Bangladesh AD authentication to send. The account can be freely repatriated balance and accrued interest, foreign exchange, to his residence or country anywhere in the world is. 3.1.2. Resident Foreign Currency Deposit (RFCD) A/C. Ordinarily resident in Bangladesh may open and maintain the resident foreign currency deposits (RFCD) accounts receivable and foreign exchange to introduce in its return from abroad when traveling.

These accounts can be brought by the foreign exchange and customs authorities to declare any amount in the form FMJ is opened, brought up to on stds, $ 5,000 without any declaration.RFCD accounts may in U.S. dollars, British pound, Japanese yen and the euro was opened, the desire may be retained as long as the account. In these account balances should be free to transfer abroad. From the Fund for these accounts can also send their accounts in the usual way travel abroad (purpose, that endorsement of gothic architecture research passport and words to conclude, ticket, up to $ 2,000 in cash in the form of banknotes, and the remainder in the form of TC or other currencies).Ads may be issued to holders of accounts in RFCD account balance favoring international credit cards. The deposition of foreign currency credit to architecture research papers, the account of the depositor shall provide a written statement to mention the anesthesist nj, amount of foreign exchange return date brought from abroad , namely foreign exchange (i) is not a receipt from the export of goods or services in gothic Bangladesh (ii) not commission receivable from abroad due to business in Bangladesh . The ad will be deposited in the foreign exchange after only anesthesist moorestown nj, checking passports and FMJ depositors form ( if the amount is more than 5000 U.S. dollars equivalent ) , and is satisfied that the correctness of the declaration after the deposit by gothic architecture the RFCD account. Interest shall be paid in australia foreign currency balances within the account, if the deposit is less a term not exceeding one month, the balance of not less than $ 1,000 or ?? 500 or equivalent. The rate should balance them to keep the foreign exchange settlement account with the architecture research papers, Bangladesh Bank cut interest rates a quarter percentage points higher than the Bank of its interest payments. 3.1.4. Copy Chief. Exporters Retention Quota (ERQ) A/C.

A) Export of goods entitled to repatriate its exports fob 50% of gothic architecture foreign exchange retention quota. However, with a high import content of exports of goods (domestic low-value) as POL products, including naphtha, fuel oil and asphalt, imported fabrics, garments, electronic products and other places are reserved repatriate 10% FOB value. B) reserved quota accounts can also be regarded as open and save in reply to back inland letter denominated in foreign exporters to provide the name entered. As a direct export will be treated as shared directly between exporters, advertising must be careful to comply with all of the following: I. Included in the quota reserved for direct export accounts for the total amount paid to the power input deemed export of foreign exchange together shall not exceed the net repatriation of direct export FOB value of exports; and.

II. Foreign exchange settlement only back-to-back LC is the deemed export amount is included as an export quota reserved accounts. a. Computer software and essays on stds, data input / processing services exporters may retain 50% ERQ repatriation of export earnings in architecture papers foreign currency accounts. b. 5% of nurse moorestown nj those in Para 'C' other services exporters mentioned above may be retained in the account ERQ they repatriate income ratio. However, indenting commission or agency commission export from Bangladesh foreign exchange earnings cannot be included in these accounts, because these revenue sources from Bangladesh origin. 3.2. Import Finance.

The total import bill (C F) balance of $ 2011-12 fiscal year, when US$35,516 to pay 5.50 percent higher than imports dollar 33,657 last year billion. Though Early this year, imports increased pay Since the gothic papers, fiscal year in global fuel prices Rising demand for electricity and fuel markets Generations, it slows down for australia, the end This year, as imports of goods were unimportant Discouraged. Research Papers. Import category analysis Industrial raw materials, petroleum and phd thesis development, petroleum Products increased by 22.75 percent, 11.15 % and 21.76%, respectively, and the main import of capital machinery and Commodity reduced 13.73% and papers, 25.79 percent, respectively. There are mainly two types of post import finance usually ABL extends to its customers. They are- 3.2.1. Loan against Imported Merchandise (LIM) There are two types of LIM. These ares-

Division opened an to conclude L / C to understand the marginal part is gothic, that the applicant / importer will arrange for customs clearance of the goods in consignment clearance time guarantee deposits to the rest of the banks. But sometimes companies do not come forward to deposit margin, the rest of the chief, delivery of the gothic architecture research, documents from the bank. There is no other choice, banks had to be settled by creating LIM PAD (the rest of the deposit) liabilities and port charges delivery of the goods from the argumentative essay, port authorities. This type is called forced LIM LIM. Here LIM components are: (a) Rest of the Margin. (b) Duty, Vat, Taxes applicable for the imported goods. Causes for creation of Forced LIM. The causes of creation of force LIM are:- 1. Mis-Assessment of financial ability of the importer. 2. Sudden fall of price of the imported commodity in the local market.

3. Opening of L/C without justifying the market position. 4. Over-invoicing of the goods etc. Before opening of L/C, Banker should take necessary pre-cautions to avoid such situation. There are some customers who are availing bank financing pledge. Lim arrangement is gothic architecture papers, created for these customers. Imports of goods from and through the creation of this LIM LIM adjust to customers after the custom authorities promised A / C in copy resume debit. 3.2.2. Loan against Trust Receipt (LTR) Where a bank under the custody of imported goods stored, the gothic architecture research, process is called LIM or pledge. To Conclude A Research. However, when the delivery of goods importer custody, the architecture, system is called a letter of trust receipt or LTR or the TR. Under normal circumstances, LTR is australia, considered to be an gothic architecture important customer banks.

Also banks need to consider additional security LTR facility. Words To Conclude A Research Paper. LTR component Margin (a) break (b) customs duties, VAT, taxes, etc. in gothic research papers whole or in part if the pre-agreed. Tenor LTR transaction is generally 90 days from the chief, date of creation of industrial raw materials 120 days. When the architecture papers, goods are in pledge, inadequate collateral security may be considered but in case of international LTR, the security should be adequate. 3.2.3. Payment against Document (PAD) Banks deal with documents, not goods. If L / C shipping documents in order to then L / C issuing bank must be paid to architecture research papers, foreign banks to amend the credit within 3 days or 72 hours according to the Uniform Customs and Practice of the International Criminal Court (UCPDC) 500. If there is any discrepancy transport document, then L / C issuing bank to the negotiating bank advised on 7 Otherwise, shipping documents do not match.

If the importer does not have enough funds in the bank account, then the bank payments to foreign banks on the shipping documents. 3.3. Export Finance. In the wake of the global financial recovery Recession, Bangladesh's export trade made turn. Words A Research. However, in the sovereign credit crisis Bangladesh is one of the main euro areas Export destination is its impact on gothic papers, exports Trade.

Bangladesh's export earnings in the station in the 2011-12 fiscal year, U.S. $ 24,288 million, of which 5.90 Higher than the percentage of export revenues (USD 2010-11 fiscal year, 22,928 million). In export earnings the main increase in fiscal year 2011-12 by major categories Footwear ( 30.10% ) , engineering products ( 21.10% ) , and woven garments ( 13.90% ) of and essays, leather ( 10.80% ) of . Research. On the other hand , On raw jute export earnings dip ( -25.40 % ) , and ceramic products ( -10.20 % ) of And jute products ( -7.50 % ) of . Some Incentive program by the following declaration of facilities Government continues. Aid Tile ' entrepreneurs to explore new markets Inspired aid 'announced Package also been extended this year Product diversification and new exploration Export markets. Meanwhile, the export market has been created in Japan, South Korea, South Africa and Turkey. Further, since the on stds, reduced duty India, Bangladesh goods are paid for Visit to India. 3.3.1. Export Cash Credit. In the form of credit to allow exporters before shipment stage, depending on the credit of architecture research his main safety requirements of raw materials or finished goods meant for export. This plant is allowed to be determined by the first category of credit / international banks or companies contract uncollectible valid confirmation of the project. Depending on the title, degree of control and physical possession of the goods ECC can be of three types- Title and control of goods retained by the bank.

Exporters surrender effective control of essays on stds banks, bank security contributions paid by architecture the actual possession of the goods. Commitment on the underlying commodity implied lien. Therefore, the bank can take recourse to the sale of chief resume goods to recover its dues, if the exporter fails to repay. Typically, the profit margin from 10% - 25% is architecture, retained to outline, prevent loss from a forced sale generated. Tenor of credit facility: 60 days to 180 days. 2. Gothic Architecture. ECC (Hypothecation): Exporters pledge letter will not charge for the goods in favor of the bank, but neither ownership nor has been passed to development, it. Gothic Research Papers. Only a right or interest to the banks of the copy chief resume, goods created, and when combined with exporters from the bank after he phoned possession of the goods. 3. ECC (Trust Receipt): Usually allows exporter wants to use the loan for processing this material and cannot easily take into account the bank's custody package to architecture, exporters.

For example hides. Execution means goods exporter trust receipts held in trust on behalf of the bank. It is usually given to high level of integrity and credibility no doubt customers. Argumentative Essay Organizer. For relatively small reputable customers, banks often insist on an additional warranty. Settlement of Liability: On receipt of shipping documents, if the gothic, same are in order negotiation shall be made and the credit outstanding shall be adjusted. Steps followed for ECC: Export Registration Certificate (ERC) to be obtained and its genuinely verified, mention of exportable items is checked. Scrutiny of Export L/C: a) The L/C is irrecoverable and opened by a first class / internationally reputed bank. b) The L/C is valid. c) Terms of L/C do not violate exchange control regulations.

d) L/C does not contain any term which cannot be fulfilled. e) Negotiation of the documents under L/C is not restricted. f) Authenticity of the L/C is verified. g) Reimbursement clause clearly stated. h) Amount of L/C distinctly mentioned. i) Description, quality, quantities, price, sale terms, payment terms are strictly in terms of the contract. j) There is sufficient time to procure / manufacture and ship the exportable. k) Clean payment terms; there is no realization clause. Scrutiny of the Contract:

I. A firm contract duly executed by the buyer or his agent. II. It is dated and nj, contains all the terms conditions of the deal. III. Quantity, description, sale terms, amount, payment terms etc are mentioned. IV. It is signed. V. In all other aspects it is in order. VI. Buyer's credit report is obtained from buyer's bank or an gothic research international credit rating agency.

VII. Australia. Whether or not the contract is subsequently replaceable by irrecoverable L/C. VIII. Architecture Papers. A payment term is clear and contains no restrictive clause/condition. Charge documents to be obtained.

b) Letter of nurse moorestown nj Arrangement. c) Letter of Continuity. d) Letter of Authority. e) Letter of Pledge / Hypothecation / or Trust Receipt (as the case may be). Tenor of ECC: 60 days to 180 days. Settlement of ECC: On receipt of shipping documents, if the gothic, same are in order negotiation shall be made and the credit outstanding shall be adjusted. 3.3.2.

Packing Credit (PC) Packaged loans to chief resume, exporters by law but interest rates to stimulate exports before shipment financing. Packing loan is made by a bank authorized to instruct the Reserve Bank as a government policy to promote exports to strengthen the financial position of a country. In order to gothic papers, obtain packing credit facility, exporters will be to their banks and export order. Exporters bank official visit factories, socks and export orders and argumentative outline organizer, get confident assessment of the value of goods. Packing credit loans are the best financial assistance to banks, to promote one of the export trades. Tenor of packing credits: 90 days maximum. Scrutiny of Export L/C contracts: Same as ECC. 3.3.3. Local / Foreign Bills Purchased (FBP)

Foreign bill purchase (FBP) is a post from the future earnings of a particular export bills secured delivery facilities. Working capital financing. Gothic Research. Export bills for their tenor. Visual and Usance divided into phd thesis, two categories. Vision usually pays the bill within 12 days, the purchase of materials bills may often need 3-6 months to architecture, mature. Bill either under letters of credit, and buy based on collection methods.

3.3.4. Loan against Export Development Fund (EDF) On request the Government of copy chief Bangladesh to promote non-traditional exports of manufactured goods business in Bangladesh, the current balance of Export Development Fund for the International Development Association (IDA) arrangement in 1989 (EDF) and $ 31,200,000 principal and French power company $ 1 million dollars. Establishment of Export Development Fund (EDF) in Bangladesh Bank's main objective is to ensure the gothic architecture research papers, continued availability of a research foreign exchange to meet the import requirements of gothic research non-traditional manufacturing projects. This facility is available to non-traditional exporting countries, especially the new exporters; exporters expand to higher export value and export diversification into new markets. Persuasive Essays On Stds. An exporter identify above is eligible to gothic architecture research, avail of EDF facilities on the conditions stated below: I. Nurse. He must be an exporter of non-traditional manufacturing items. II.

The value added of papers these products could be 20% except in the case of garments where it has to be 30% and above. III. The loan should be utilized in the case of importing raw-materials for argumentative essay outline, manufacturing the exportable products. IV. The exporter must have an Export L/C. V. He must create a Back to Back L/C for importing raw materials. VI. The period of loan is 180 days. VII. The exporter can borrow as many times in a year on revolving basis.

VIII. The interest rate of EDF is LIBOR + 1%. IX. An exporter can borrow an amount not exceeding US$5,00,000/- in a single case, but outstanding should not be more than US$10,00,000/- X. He has to gothic architecture research papers, have an Export Credit Insurance through Export Credit Guarantee Scheme (ECGS). Purposes of EDF: a) To make the payment of import bill against chief Back to Back sight L/Cs. For export of goods Bangladesh Bank arrange pre-shipment credit by EDF. b) To increase the gothic architecture research papers, working capacity of Export administration and financial institutions. c) To encourage the phd thesis international development, motive of the foreign supplier. Foreign guarantee conferring institutions and foreign commercial banks who provide short time loan to the Bangladeshi exporters.

Overall Import-Export Business of research Agrani bank Ltd. Import business in 2012 stood Tk. 16,963 crore, and export business in 2012 is TK. 8,838 crore. 3.4. Nj. Foreign Exchange Market. To control foreign exchange market and cope with this market with Multi-National Bank and Commercial Bank ABL practices various activities. These activities are the following: ' Selling Foreign Currency for Import Payment. ' Buying Foreign Currency against Export Proceeds. ' Fixation of Exchange Rate. ' Foreign Currency Buying and Selling.

Besides those following activities ABL also follows SWAP transaction in international transaction. SWAP transactions in the bank has five outstanding transactions amounted Tk. 814,912,100 for the December 31, 2010. Money has been regarded as contingent liabilities and bank profits earned Tk. 822.100 has been accounted for in the month January 2011. Risk Associated with Foreign Exchange Operations. The key risk areas are broadly categorized as follows: This is defined as a debtor or counterparty fails to perform in papers accordance with a prescribed conventions / value date AC / settlement arrangements. II. Copy Chief Resume. Liquidity Risk. It is defined as any money when unable to meet debt maturities, due to either a lack of funding from either Contracting Party or in architecture research papers the marketplace, so it is difficult to buy the settlement amount needed to systemic problems.

Therefore, there is a close relationship between liquidity and resume australia, credit risk. III. Market Risk. It is defined as adverse changes in architecture research one location (i.e., its market value) of the current changes in australia the relevant market risk factors associated economic value may cause. Market risk terminology. a) Market Factor.

It is gothic research papers, defined as a variable (i.e. market prices or rates, such as the spot foreign exchange or interest rates) that may affect the economic value of the contract status. Copy Chief Resume. It is the market risk management activities to architecture research, a part of the australia, identity of the gothic, relevant market factors, and to consider the establishment of an independent market risk limit framework. b) Factor Sensitivity. It is persuasive essays on stds, defined as a market risk factors (for example, to changes in the spot foreign exchange rate of 1% change in the spot foreign exchange positions of the value) value defines the change in position changes. c) Volatility Correlation. This means that for statistical computing market variables / parameters and movement (volatility) which affect the relationship between the variables of the scope of another (correlation) factors. It is used in measuring portfolio risk, such as value at risk (VaR).

d) Value-at-Risk (VaR) VaR is used to estimate the location of a potential decline in the value of architecture papers a mine or a portfolio, under normal market conditions, the confidence level required, and within a specific time statistical tools. 3.5. Letter of Credit. Credit has become history can be traced to the cornerstone of international trade at on stds, the beginning of the twentieth century. Today, they continue to play a key role in world trade. Gothic Research. For any company to enter the international market, the letter of credit is an important payment mechanism, which helps eliminate certain risks.

3.5.1. Argumentative Outline. Letter of Credit ' Sight: If payment is to papers, be made at the time documents are presented, this is referred to as a sight Letter of Credit. 3.5.2. Letter of Credit ' Usance: Alternatively, if payment is to be made at a future fixed time from presentation of copy chief resume documents (e.g. 60 days after sight), this is referred to as a term, usance or deferred payment Letter of Credit. 3.5.3. Back to Back L/C.

Although not recorded in letters of credit, back to gothic papers, back is essays on stds, a term involving two credit irrevocable letter of credit transactions using. These transactions initiated when the seller receives credit coverage must be made by an independent third party; they need to get merchandise credit. Gothic Architecture Research Papers. After the second letter second credit card-issuing bank to pay under the words a research paper, look of the first issuing bank for reimbursement. Back-to-back credits letters and distinguish between letters of credit transfers is gothic architecture research, that, in the credit transferable credit, assignment of rights under the existing credit. In back-to-back transaction, the argumentative organizer, actual issuance of letters of credit is gothic research, different.

Because the back-to-back-end transaction can be technical problems, banks tend to hinder its use. 3.6. Letter of Guarantee. Agrani Bank Ltd. Resume. does follow the following activities on behalf of letter of guarantee. Researcher could not describe these activities because he could not find out any information in detail. Gothic Architecture. All information is present through superficial ways.

' Advance Payment Guarantee. 3.6.5. Guarantee ' Others. 2012, the value of the bank guarantee issued by Tk. 51.501 billion rupees compared, Tk's. 44.205 billion rupees Last year. The guarantee is in international the hair Conducive to different government departments, Autonomous organizations, enterprises and papers, multi-national Corporate and other securities on behalf of the right Bank customers. 3.7. Anesthesist Moorestown. Other Foreign Exchange Services. 3.7.1.

Documentary Bill Collection. Documentary collection is a process in which the architecture research, seller instructed his bank to the relevant export goods to the buyer's bank documents, and requires the production of these documents, to argumentative organizer, pay the buyer, under what circumstances, and these documents can be released to gothic architecture, the buyer. Documentary collection, including drafts, is another form of payment, when you negotiate your contract of sale to consider. Collections can be sight (D / P or against payment) or long (D / A or D), depending on words paper, whether you have agreed your sales contract payment terms. Collection can be cheaper than credit. However, they also have different risk importers or exporters, according to the payment terms, and how the goods have been shipped. Favorites Send and receive separate treatment should be followed and various commands.

3.7.2. Advanced Payment for architecture research, Import Export. With the view of the resume, seller's perspective, an advance payment to pay any business, including safe mode export business. Accepts in advance the amount of sales success in gothic architecture research papers various ways to help plan his financial activities exporter. However, with the view of the buyer's perspective, prepayment risk is nurse anesthesist moorestown nj, not, because he made the gothic research papers, payment before delivery.

Long-term advances in exports and words, imports is gothic research papers, only when he knows that as the seller, the seller in copy chief the details of the genuine buyers choose. The trade balance recorded a deficit of 3.20 rise Per cent to U.S. $ 7,995 million for the financial year 2011-12 Compared to a deficit of U.S. $ 7,744 million in 2010-11 fiscal year. In the meantime, the gothic research papers, current account balance recorded a surplus of $ 1.63 billion, compared with a surplus of $ 885 Recorded in the 2010 financial year -11. Deficit of ten thousand US$ the overall balance of the United States to pay $ 494 station In the 2011-12 fiscal year, which is $ 656 million one hundred million U.S. dollars In the 2010-11 fiscal year. 3.7.3. Foreign Remittance (Incoming Outgoing) Remittances from abroad can be defined as a freely convertible currency in accordance with the purchase and phd thesis, sale of foreign exchange management regulations for acceptance. A loose translation of sending money home to work abroad for some time. Thousands of people currently working and living in a country that is not their home, and regularly send funds back to their families in their home countries.

There are two types of remittance which accept ABL. One is Inward remittance and the second one is outward remittance. Besides the above activities Agrani Bank provide these subsequent activities to broaden their international transactions. ' Foreign Currency Endorsement against Passport. ' Issuance of Draft, TT.

' Collection of Draft, Cheque, TC. ' Opening of Student File, Medical File. 3.8. Overseas Employment and Remittance. Although the slowdown in export of human resources 2010-11 fiscal year, due to the impact in the first half. Architecture. The global economic downturn, particularly in real estate In the essays, Middle East market and industry In some Southeast Asian labor demand Countries such as Malaysia, it begins to increase From January 2011 the amount of remittances An increase of 6.03%, to research, approximately 11,650.32 Million in the 2010-11 fiscal year compared to argumentative essay organizer, the Last year. Bangladesh won the remittances Approximately 12,843.40 one million $ in the 2011-12 fiscal years, higher than the growth in the amount of 10.24% Last year. Government has committed several initiatives, including diplomacy Open up new markets. Up to gothic architecture papers, 69,100 rupees The situation of workers going abroad in resume search of employment opportunities 2011-12, 57.40 percent higher than the In the last year the number was.

Start Manpower in full swing Africa, East exports Europe and Latin America, some diplomatic Initiatives have been taken to next Create a new labor wings in some countries. In addition, there is a attempt to impart training The creation of skilled labor in various industries Meet the needs of the foreign labor market. 3.9. Foreign Remittance Business. The main lifeline inward foreign remittances Rise of Bangladesh's economy. Despite the decline from the domestic manpower, due to the export trend in the past several global economic crises In Bangladesh registered 16.51 percent of Growth in this sector in 2012 as in 2011.Countries on imports of foreign remittances 14,176.91 million dollars in gothic architecture research 2012.

Agrani Bank secured the first position between the state receiving remittances abroad State-owned commercial banks in persuasive essays on stds 2012. ABL has Contribution of 10.07%, reaching a total Remittance figure in the country, which is $ 1,427.33 million as the calendar year 2012. ABL There are 22.23 percent growth rate in the past year achievement of $ 1,167.76 this year's results Remittance business. Comparative Study Remittances are other banks as follows: ABL and gothic architecture papers, remittance business expansion policy has been exchanged with four new house including the famous Western Union , the copy resume, United States currency Courier companies , the United States , NBL remittances Sdn. Bhd. Architecture Research. , Malaysia, the standard delivery , the United States in 2012.Currently , ABL has been in argumentative organizer accordance with the agreement It was 48 in 2011 52 exchange houses. In addition to Since then, the gothic papers, work process is underway to attract Remittances ( spot cash ) Web -based operating In addition to the Middle East with some telegraphic transfer East-based remittance houses. Recently, Agrani Handover Pvt. Limited, Singapore, an Agrani Bank Limited, a subsidiary inaugurated the first three in Jurong West, Singapore. Agrani Remittances home Sdn. Bhd., Malaysia Applicable to expand its branch office Network.

To the channel of remittance From Canada a more simple and cost -effective way and Australia, ABL has been approved ,Bangladesh Bank on September 24, 2012 10October 2012 respectively Remittance business license from the persuasive essays on stds, authorities Collection of national and expectations Direct remittance quickly from there. In order to facilitate Remittance services, Bangladesh nationals living in research papers the United States of America, ABL is obtaining approval from the permit process Authority. A large number of Bangladeshi expatriates preferences ABL send money to it through better communication rate , but also for the distribution of its online remittance889 has connected all its branches the use of cash over the counter payment services PIN. In order to outline, maintain remittance flows, ABL Sponsors of different incentive programs, as part of gothic research papers its valuable customers. Essay Outline Organizer. National wise remittance ABL received in 2012: Foreign investors do not have the opportunity to invoke the gothic architecture, various financial institutions from Bangladesh (DFI) credit financing. In order to cater to the financial support of essay organizer offshore banking facilities are required to provide to the export processing zones in Bangladesh foreign owned / joint registration units. Presently many foreign banks and got the incense to operate Off-Shore Banking unit in EPZ Area to facilities the foreign investor. But Agrani Bank in the pipe-line to have off-shore banking license from Bangladesh Bank.

Chapter-4- Risk Management. In essence, the risk is gothic architecture research, very difficult to predict. Nurse Moorestown. This makes it an urgent need for the bank to develop its risk management strategy, the most to protect our interests against any insidious way of trading. Therefore, we introduced a risk management manual in architecture six areas, according to the central bank's instructions. They are: credit risk, foreign exchange risk management, asset-liability management (ALM) risk, internal control and compliance (ICC) the risk of money laundering (ML) risks and IT security risks.

The World Bank recognizes the risks and takes action to manage the risks changing business environment brought about. The Bank has established a risk management policy, which aims to balance the risks and rewards will include six processes as follows: Credit Risk Management Manual has been revised. It acts as a guide, to effectively avoid the chief, risk involved in lending activities of gothic architecture research banks. Before we have implemented the concept in the background to ensure separation of duties, calling him the exact responsibilities of each individual region. Credit risk rating system (CRG) has been introduced so that the copy, correct loan decisions. All credit officers have been trained, and gothic architecture research, trained on the CRG system, including control office boss. A Credit Committee (CRECOM) has been formed to risk headquarters to oversee and review process involved, and give final recommendations for each credit proposal. Special attention has been under restoration and demotion cases large lenders take other action.

b) Foreign Exchange Management Risk. Foreign exchange risk arises from widespread domestic and resume australia, international market exchange rate changes. Fund Management Department is responsible for handling foreign exchange and money market operations, including financial functions with maximum efficiency. c) Asset Liability Management Risk. ALCO Bank (ALCOM) continue to regularly review a chance to sit and threats to its liquidity position and architecture, balance sheet, and a mature stand of assets and to conclude a research paper, liquidity contingency plans. Gothic. The central bank to maintain its liquidity at a satisfactory level, in order to meet the various needs of customers. d) Internal Control and phd thesis international, Compliance Risk. Internal control and compliance plays an important role in financial institutions. This is a review of business processes and research papers, organizational records. Argumentative Essay Outline Organizer. Good internal controls designed to ensure that the goals and objectives are being achieved to reach our long-term profitability of the architecture research papers, bank. Bank of risk from the phd thesis development, past study guide light, ABL as risk management guidelines to identify, assess and research, control arising from banking operations based in.

Thus, ABL has taken effective measures to control and compliance as well as updating the to conclude a research, existing internal control and compliance risks manual ABL. Strengthen internal controls and compliance department The World Bank has started a special program, the implementation of risk-based audit in all its advertising and gothic research, corporate affiliates Under this scheme, a good number of branches -.. CPAs Internal control is an chief integral part of an organization's business policies. It helps to reduce waste, inefficiency, and complexity. It ensures the accuracy and reliability of accounting to ensure compliance with the organization's policies and to evaluate the performance level of all organizations units.ICC Division by reviewing departmental control features to ensure their internal control procedures checklist (DCFCL), loan documents checklist another mechanism branch (LDCL) and quality of operational reports (QOR). Gothic Papers. Internal Control and Compliance Department continues to test the international development, internal control mechanisms of the banking business, and to review various internal, external, commercial and central bank audit, including management's response to their findings.

e) Money Laundering Risk. World Bank to continue its anti-money laundering stance, stressing the gothic architecture research, bank exhaustive internal and external training programs, all of the branches. In 2010, a total of 209 officers and staff were trained in the prevention of money by resume Agrani Bank Training Institute (ABTI) money laundering. Architecture Research. The Bank has a Know Your Customer (KYC) and transaction information (TP), Cash Transaction Report (CTR) and Suspicious Transaction Report (STR), if any, and international, branch AML Compliance Officer (BAMLCO) wise list the record is gothic architecture research, sent to the Bangladesh Bank. f) ICT Security Risk. Increased uses of information and communication technology, there need to be more careful with the risks associated with information and communications technology security related. The bank has developed a clear definition of information and communication technology policy and international best practices and guidelines for australia, the Bangladesh Bank prudential information and communication technology security. It has various levels in line with the implementation of ICT policy manual for users.

Information and communication technology audit manual has been prepared and is using information and communication technology audit of the bank's activities to ensure that policies and procedures are strictly adhered to. Agrani bank is the third largest Stated-owned bank in Bangladesh. They expand their operation beyond Bangladesh. Today's world is globalized world and gothic research, most of the people want to swift transaction along with safe. People are busy with work station most the tome in a day, so it is difficult to essay organizer, go to the bank to execute and complete their financial activities. From the above discussion researcher puts some recommendation to improve their international transaction. - In the era of globalization, Agrani bank did not start Off-hore Banking unit.

But recently it can follow that many foreign investors are eager to invest in Bangladesh. Research. In this regard Agrani bank can introduce off-shore banking unit within short time to collect foreign currency and increase balance of trade. - Agrani bank can introduce internet banking facilities through their entire branches to straightforward and facilitate international banking. From the above discussion it is clear, Agrani Bank play a prominent role to collect inward remittance. Moreover, Agrani Bank wants to help those importers and exporters who have insufficient money to phd thesis international, continue their busine. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Finance essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to architecture research papers, help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Finance work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Finance essay was submitted to us by a student in order to argumentative, help you with your studies. This page has approximately words.

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